68 terms

Mrs.Soto's Language Usage RIT 211-220

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abstract
a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance
active voice
the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb
alphabetical order
Method of organizing information
analyze
break down into components or essential features
application
the work of applying something
appositive
a word or phrase that renames a nearby noun or pronoun
capitalization
writing in capital letters
characteristics
distinguishing traits, qualities, or properties
cluster
a grouping of a number of similar things
comma splice
two sentences joined incorrectly with only a comma
common noun
names any person, place, thing, or idea
comparison
relation based on similarities and differences
complex sentence
a sentence composed of at least one main clause and one subordinate clause
conjunction
something that joins or connects
contrast
the act of distinguishing by comparing differences
documentation
confirmation that some fact or statement is true
editorial
an article giving opinions or perspectives
exposition
an account that sets forth the meaning or intent of a writing or discourse
expository essay
non-fiction, organized around one central idea, serious discussion, shorter than a novel, gives facts, explains something
figure of speech
language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense
fragment
a word, phrase, or clause that does not form a full sentence
generalization
a broad, all-encompassing statement
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration
idiom
an expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up
imagery
the ability to form mental images of things or events
independent clause
a clause in a complex sentence that can stand alone as a complete sentence
infinitive phrase
contains an infinitive plus any complements and modifiers
instructions
steps or rules to be followed
interjection
an exclamation; an interruption
journalistic
of or relating to or having the characteristics of journalism
language
a system of words used in a particular discipline
limerick
a kind of humorous verse of five lines, in which the first, second, and fifth lines rhyme with each other, and the third and fourth lines, which are shorter, form a rhymed couplet
main clause
a clause in a complex sentence that can stand alone as a complete sentence
main point
statement of fact made by the writer
metaphor
comparison not using like or as
modifier
a content word that qualifies the meaning of a noun or verb
noun clause
a subordinate clause used as a noun
noun phrase
a phrase that can function as the subject or object of a verb
onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound they denote
organization
the act of forming something
parallelism
similarity by virtue of correspondence
part of speech
one of the traditional categories of words intended to reflect their functions in a grammatical context
participial phrase
phrase that contains a participle and its modifiers and functions as an adjective to modify a noun or pronoun
participle
acts like adjective
persona
an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
personification
representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature
plural possessive
shows that more than one person owns something
preposition
a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word
present participle
add ing and helping verb
prewrite
gathering and organizing of ideas before draft writing is done
prewriting
The thinking and planning done before a person writes.
primary source
firsthand information about people or events
problem and solution
a relationship that shows how a conflict or issue (the problem) is answered (the solution)
process essay
a formal essay that provides steps to show the reader how to do something
purpose
what something is used for
resume
a summary of your academic and work history
rhetorical question
a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered
rough draft
the first copy of a piece of writing
simple sentence
a sentence having no coordinate clauses or subordinate clauses
source
specify the origin of
summarize
give the main point or idea
summary
a briefstatement that presents the main points in a concise form
synonym
two words that can be interchanged in a context are said to be synonymous relative to that context
theme
the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
tone
of one's speech, varying the pitch
verse
a piece of poetry
visualize
imagine
voice
a means or agency by which something is expressed or communicated
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