What is a scale that pinpoints a patient's physical condition on a continuum from death through varying degrees of illness to completely healthy functioning?

A) Wellness scale
B) Healthy living measurement
C) Quality scale
D) Assessment scale
E) None of the above
Click the card to flip 👆
1 / 81
Terms in this set (81)
The health belief model suggests that an individual must display a readiness to take action to avoid a disease and then must believe that he/she is ________.

A) Placing value on the disease
B) Changing the behavior
C) Susceptible or vulnerable to the disease/condition
D) Acting in a preventive manner
E) None of the above
The changes an individual must make in order to attain health—which include precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, maintenance, and action—are the foundation of which theory?

A) Transtheoretical model
B) Healthy belief model
C) Five-dimensional model
D) Quality-of-life model
E) None of the above
The will of an individual to act is a ________. A) Behavior habit B) Promotion C) Behavior change D) Motivation E) None of the aboveD) MotivationMaslow's hierarchy of needs is arranged in ________. A) Lower to higher level needs B) Alphabetical order C) Multidimensional fields D) Psychological steps E) None of the aboveA) Lower to higher level needsWhich of the following theories reinforces the belief that social pressure is significant in influencing behavior? A) Transtheoretical B) Social-cognitive C) Maslow's hierarchy D) Theory of reasoned action E) None of the aboveB) Social-cognitiveperson's behavior intent is a combination of knowledge, values, and attitudes, which is emphasized in which theory? A) Self-efficacy B) Maslow's hierarchy C) Social-cognitive D) Reasoned action E) None of the aboveD) Reasoned actionWhat occurs when an individual gains control over his/her environment? A) Social molding B) Imitation C) Modeling D) Competence E) None of aboveD) CompetenceWhich of the following aspects is part of the multidimensional model of health? A) Spirituality B) Knowledge C) Behavior D) ValuesA) SpiritualityThe local dental hygiene association worked on policy changes that banned sugary beverages from school vending machines. This is an example of A) Health behavior B) Health action C) Health education D) Health promotionD) Health promotionFor behavioral change to occur, an individual must reach what milestone? A) Value the change B) Understand the healthy behavior C) Understand the unhealthy behavior D) Understand why a behavior was chosenA) Value the changeA patient who receives praise for having healthy gums during two routine dental hygiene appointments will be more likely to maintain good homecare to ensure that the praise will continue at subsequent appointments. This theory is called A) Classical conditioning B) Operant conditioning C) Modeling D) EmpowermentA) Classical conditioningA dental hygienist who gives a pediatric patient treats following good behavior while being treated is reinforcing positive behavior. This theory is called A) Classical conditioning B) Operant conditioning C) Modeling D) EmpowermentB) Operant conditioningA dental hygienist that disciplines a child patient that is exhibiting bad behavior during treatment may prevent that behavior at subsequent appointments A) Classical conditioning B) Operant conditioning C) Modeling D) EmpowermentB) Operant conditioningThe ultimate goal of education is to A) Instill the value to make changes B) We want to develop positive values C) To do more than relay info D) All of the aboveD) All of the aboveTrue or false It is necessary to motivate a population in order to effectively promote value adoption and behavior change.TrueEmpowerment models that focus on patient autonomy and collaborative relationships are paternalist regimens. These regimens are led by patients whose knowledge of health and disease increases the likelihood that healthy behaviors are attained. A) The first statement is true, but the second statement is false. B) The first statement is false, but the second statement is true. C) Both statements are true. D) Both statements are false.D) Both statements are falseTrue or False The theory of reasoned action focuses on the belief that people make rational decisions based on intent.TrueTrue or false The social-cognitive theory postulates that an individual needs to be made aware of a health issue before he/she can act on it.FalseTrue or false The primary goal of dental health education is the prevention of disease utilizing appropriate dental health interventions.TrueTrue or false The last step in the learning ladder is the involvement step.FalseThis model emphasizes providers and patients working together collaboratively toward treatment.EmpowermentThis theory suggests that individuals become conditioned to specific stimuli to act in a specific way.Classical conditioningThis theory is based on the concepts of rewards and punishments.Operant conditioningThis theory suggests that learning can be facilitated through imitation.Modeling behaviorMore of a _______ approach rather than prescriptive and paternalistichorizontalA state of physical, mental, and social well-being that involves more than just absence of diseaseHealthPositive input- Food, toothbrush, floss And Negative input- poor nutrition, inadequate dental care Is part of what dimension?PhysicalPositive input- trust And Negative input- mistrust, fear of dental provider Is part of what dimension?EmotionalPositive input- knowledge And Negative input- ignorance Is part of what dimension?MentalPositive input- interaction with people And Negative input- withdrawal, inadequate communication skills Is part if what dimension?SocialPositive input- values, morality And Negative input- no value for dental health, no morality Is part of what dimension?SpiritualWhat are Marlow's 5 Hierarchy of Needs?1. physical needs 2. security and safe needs, 3. love and social needs, 4. self-stem/status, 5. self actualization/self fullfilment.True or false A. Marlow's Hierarchy of Needs states that needs are arranged in lowest to highest B. But needs do not need to be met in a linear approachThe first statement is true The second statement is FALSE (the need to be met in a linear stair-step approach)What states that the more advanced needs are not addressed until the lower ones have been met?Marlow's Hierarchy of NeedsTrue or false A. In Marlow's Hierarchy of Needs when a lower need reappears all higher needs momentarily vanish.TrueWhen an individual has not been able to get relief from a toothache they cannot advanced to things like flossing daily; is an example of?Marlow's Hierarchy of NeedsAn action that helps prevent disease and promotes healthHealth behaviorThe teaching or instructions of health behaviors that bring an individual to a state of health awarenessHealth educationInforming and motivating individuals to adopt healthy behaviors to enhance health and prevent diseaseHealth promotionBoth ______ and ______ methods are needed to modify detrimental behaviors and promote healthy onesEducation and promotionprimary goal of dental health education isprevention of disease using appropriate dental health interventions "Prevention through intervention"Who reported on child labor and used visual descriptions; Report got results?Edwin ChadwickWho reported on public health needs of the nation which was very well planned and detailed bur it was not effective and his report was not promoted?Lemuel Shattucks______ alone will not change dental health. A person's _____ must change for their negative behavior to change and eventually become a habits.education ; valuesTrue or false Values are easy to changeFalse; they are hard to changea behavior that is repeated so often that it becomes almost automaticHabitthe result in the listeners actual changes in behavior or actionsBehavior changesIdeas and beliefs a person possess that influence behavior/give meaning to our livesValuesA theory that states : Although a person may be educated on a particular health behavior that knowledge will not impact dental health until the person positively changes behavior or habitDental health education theoryWhat theory states that 1- Individual must believe they are susceptible or vulnerable 2- the disease has consequences 3- the behavior is beneficialHealth belief modelWhat are the six stages of learning6. Habit- After everything habit is formed 5. Action- Individual makes change 4. Involvement- Involved in learning process 3. Self interest- Wanting & recognizing involvement 2. Awareness- When education is provided 1. Unawareness- of the topic (Like a ladder go from bottom to top)Transtheoretical model theory (is similar to the stages of learning) there are six stages of change that have to happen before a cheating desired state1. Precontemplation- No intention to act 2. Contemplation- Has the thought to act 3. Preparation- Prepares to take action 4. Action- Starts healthy behavior 5. Maintenance- Maintains healthy behavior 6. Termination- never relapses; never goes back to bad behaviorPeople make rational decisions based on behavioral intentionTheory of reasoned actionA predictor that a person will take the intended action OR know as an attitude towards a behaviorBehavioral intention2 cognitive processes that work together to develop healthy behaviorsSocial norms - what significant others think is important and personal motivation - complying with the beliefs of significant othersKnowledge, behavior, and environment continually affect one anotherSocial cognitive theory (SCT)Social cognitive theory is also known as _________ which is the belief that personal actions impact desired outcomeSelf efficacy•Antonovsky- Focuses on factors that support healing: -Solutogenesis -Health-ease vs. dis-ease -Cognitive -Perceptual -Social -Concerned with the relationship between health, stress, and coping Is known as what theory?Theory of sense of coherenceThe theory that states that being able to comprehend why disease is occurring so you can find being healthy meaningful and will be willing to expand time and effort to ensure health is know as what theoryTheory of sense of coherenceThe will of the individual to actMotivationUnder motivation theory a ______ must exist for change to be consideredNeedIs a powerful influence on human behavior and motivation because it determines the learner's investment in the desired outcome.AttitudeIs an experience that makes a learner active when affect is a major influence on the learner's emotion because of the actual experience.StimulationWhat occurs when an individual masters a skill?CompetenceTrue or false Behavior modification theory states that changing behavior requires only educationFalse it states that changing behavior MORE that education because behavior modifications will be necessaryConditioned to act in a specific way in response to specific stimuli is known asClassical conditioning (pavlovs dogs)Reinforce positive behavior and punishment for bad behavior with discipline is known asOperant conditioninglearning through imitationModeling behaviorTrue or false A. Behavior modification suggests that traveling through different stages is needed to have behavioral changes B. Behaviors can be changedBoth statements are trueTrue or false A. combining elements of several theories is not suggested B. The multidimensional models are most effectiveThe first statement is FALSE combining elements of several theories make the best results The second statement is trueBefore deciding on behavior modifications we must consider what's six things1. Values and beliefs 2. Readiness to change 3. Perception of control 4. Perception of effectiveness of actions 5. Behavioral and social norms 6. Available resourcesFor changes of policy in a communities, schools, or groups the 3 primary concerns are1. Social norms 2. Community resources 3. Level of knowledgeWe should be able to _________transform knowledge into positive behaviorsSuccessfully