Fundamentals of Literature unit review terms
Terms in this set (51)
the main events of a play, novel, movie, or similar work, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence.
a subordinate plot in a play, novel, or similar work.
an unexpected development or story line in a book
A surprise ending is a plot twist occurring near or at the conclusion of a story: an unexpected conclusion to a work of fiction that causes the audience to reevaluate the narrative or characters
a comprehensive description and explanation of an idea or theory.
In the rising action, a series of related incidents builds toward the point of greatest interest. The rising action of a story is the series of events that begin immediately after the exposition (introduction) of the story and builds up to the climax.
a time of intense difficulty, trouble, or danger.
the most intense, exciting, or important point of something; a culmination or apex
the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved.
the final part of a play, movie, or narrative in which the strands of the plot are drawn together and matters are explained or resolved.
is the science of arranging events in their order of occurrence in time. Consider, for example, the use of a timeline or sequence of events.
a scene in a movie, novel, etc., set in a time earlier than the main story.
a composition written in metrical feet forming rhythmical lines
correspondence of sound between words or the endings of words, especially when these are used at the ends of lines of poetry.
the rhyme exemplified by homonyms, such as bear/bare or wear/where.
Half rhyme or slant rhyme, sometimes called near-rhyme or lazy rhyme, is a type of rhyme formed by words with similar but not identical sounds. In most instances, either the vowel segments are different while the consonants are identical, or vice versa.
a similarity between words in spelling but not in pronunciation, e.g., love and move.
End rhyme is when the last syllables within a verse rhyme. This type of rhyme is the most commonly used in English poetry. It is also often used in song lyrics, as we will see below.
a rhyme involving a word in the middle of a line and another at the end of the line or in the middle of the next.
the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse.
the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g., cuckoo, sizzle ).
in poetry, the repetition of the sound of a vowel or diphthong in non rhyming stressed syllables near enough to each other for the echo to be discernible (e.g., penitence, reticence ).
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
the recurrence of similar sounds, especially consonants, in close proximity (chiefly as used in prosody).
the rhythm of a piece of poetry, determined by the number and length of feet in a line
the action of scanning a line of verse to determine its rhythm.
A poetic foot is a basic repeated sequence of meter composed of two or more accented or unaccented syllables. In the case of an iambic foot, the sequence is "unaccented, accented". There are other types of poetic feet commonly found in English language poetry
a line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable, for example Two households, both alike in dignity.
Trochaic tetrameter is a meter in poetry. It refers to a line of four trochaic feet. The word "tetrameter" simply means that the poem has four trochees. A trochee is a long syllable, or stressed syllable, followed by a short, or unstressed, one.
Anapestic tetrameter is a poetic meter that has four anapestic metrical feet per line. Each foot has two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable.
A dactyl (Greek: δάκτυλος, dáktylos, "finger") is a foot in poetic meter. In quantitative verse, often used in Greek or Latin, a dactyl is a long syllable followed by two short syllables, as determined by syllable weight.
In poetry, a spondee is a metrical foot consisting of two long syllables, as determined by syllable weight in classical meters, or two stressed syllables, as determined by stress in modern meters. The word comes from the Greek σπονδή, spondē, "libation".
A pyrrhic (Greek: πυρρίχιος pyrrichios, from πυρρίχη pyrrichē) is a metrical foot used in formal poetry. It consists of two unaccented, short syllables. It is also known as a dibrach.
Iambic pentameter refers to a certain kind of line of poetry, and has to do with the number of syllables in the line and the emphasis placed on those syllables. Many of Shakespeare's works are often used as great examples of iambic pentameter.
writing arranged with a metrical rhythm, typically having a rhyme.
A Rhyming Couplet is two line of the same length that rhyme and complete one thought. There is no limit to the length of the lines. Rhyming words are words that sound the same when spoken, they don't necessarily have to be spelt the same.
verse without rhyme, especially that which uses iambic pentameter.
poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter.
a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem; a verse.
a poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas. Traditional ballads are typically of unknown authorship, having been passed on orally from one generation to the next as part of the folk culture.
a repeated line or number of lines in a poem or song, typically at the end of each verse.
a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables per line.
a sonnet consisting of an octave rhyming abba abba and a sestet rhyming in any of various patterns (as cde cde or cdc dcd) —called also Petrarchan sonnet.
a type of sonnet much used by Shakespeare, written in iambic pentameter and consisting of three quatrains and a final couplet with the rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg.
a Japanese poem of seventeen syllables, in three lines of five, seven, and five, traditionally evoking images of the natural world.
(in verse) a five-line stanza.
Concrete or shape poetry is poetry in which the typographical arrangement of words is as important in conveying the intended effect as the conventional elements of the poem, such as meaning of words, rhythm, rhyme and so on.
the use of a word referring to or replacing a word used earlier in a sentence, to avoid repetition, such as do in I like it and so do they.
the use of successive verbal constructions in poetry or prose that correspond in grammatical structure, sound, meter, meaning, etc.
a rhetorical or literary figure in which words, grammatical constructions, or concepts are repeated in reverse order, in the same or a modified form; e.g. 'Poetry is the record of the best and happiest moments of the happiest and best minds.'
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