5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Negative reinforcement
- Circadian Rhythms
- Positive Punishment
- Fixed Ratio
- a Internally generated patterns of body functions, including hormonal signals, sleep, blood pressure, and temperature regulation, which have approximately a 24-hour cycle and occur even in the absence of normal cues about whether it is day or night
- b secreted from the adrenal cortex, aids the body during stress by increasing glucose levels and suppressing immune system function
- c The reinforcer is given after a fixed number of correct nonreinforced responses
- d Following an undesired response by adding an unpleasant stimulus to decrease the likelihood of the behavior reoccurring
- e The termination of an unpleasant condition after a response, this increases the probability the response will be repeated.
5 Multiple choice questions
- increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli, such as food. A positive reinforcer is any stimulus that, when presented after a response, strengthens the response.
- The smallest units of meaning in a language.
- is kept for only a fraction of a second
- a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience
- theory of sleep proposing that sleep is necessary to the physical health of the body and serves to replenish chemicals and repair cellular damage.
5 True/False questions
decay theory → Sleep evolved to keep humans out of harms way during the night, possibly from becoming prey
retrieval → bringing stored material to mind
Tolman → believed we have one general intelligence (g) and granted that people often have special abilities that stand out; developed factor analysis- a procedure that identifies clusters of related items
operant conditioning → a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. A neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stimulus (US) begins to produce a response that anticipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus. Also called Pavlovian or respondent conditioning.
vaiable interval → in operant condtionong, a reinforcment schedule that reinforces a response at an unpredictable time intervals.