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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Negative reinforcement
  2. cortisol
  3. Circadian Rhythms
  4. Positive Punishment
  5. Fixed Ratio
  1. a Internally generated patterns of body functions, including hormonal signals, sleep, blood pressure, and temperature regulation, which have approximately a 24-hour cycle and occur even in the absence of normal cues about whether it is day or night
  2. b secreted from the adrenal cortex, aids the body during stress by increasing glucose levels and suppressing immune system function
  3. c The reinforcer is given after a fixed number of correct nonreinforced responses
  4. d Following an undesired response by adding an unpleasant stimulus to decrease the likelihood of the behavior reoccurring
  5. e The termination of an unpleasant condition after a response, this increases the probability the response will be repeated.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli, such as food. A positive reinforcer is any stimulus that, when presented after a response, strengthens the response.
  2. The smallest units of meaning in a language.
  3. is kept for only a fraction of a second
  4. a relatively permanent change in an organism's behavior due to experience
  5. theory of sleep proposing that sleep is necessary to the physical health of the body and serves to replenish chemicals and repair cellular damage.

5 True/False questions

  1. decay theorySleep evolved to keep humans out of harms way during the night, possibly from becoming prey

          

  2. retrievalbringing stored material to mind

          

  3. Tolmanbelieved we have one general intelligence (g) and granted that people often have special abilities that stand out; developed factor analysis- a procedure that identifies clusters of related items

          

  4. operant conditioninga type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. A neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stimulus (US) begins to produce a response that anticipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus. Also called Pavlovian or respondent conditioning.

          

  5. vaiable intervalin operant condtionong, a reinforcment schedule that reinforces a response at an unpredictable time intervals.