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Articulation Part 1 Exam 2
Terms in this set (49)
source-filter, acoustic, filter
________-________ theory: the vocal fold is a source of vibration, when they vibrate movement of air is transmitted into oral/nasal cavity along with _______ energy. you _____ this energy by adjusting mouth, nose, jaw, etc. to change sound. change length of vocal tract by adjusting mouth "oooo" vs "eeee" and change location of constriction.
upper part of skull that holds and protects the brain
forms part of the cranial base, brain sits on top of it. forms part of the walls of the orbits (eye sockets) and part of the roof of the nose.
ethmoid bone has a perpendicular plate that forms part of the _____ ____ dividing the nose into left and right halves
conchae (or turbinates)
when you inhale, mucous membrane lining and little hairs, allow air to be divided and filtered by the hair and moisture added via muscous membrane, part of the ethmoid bone, interrupt air stream to warm and clean air effectively.
superior, middle, inferior conchae
ethmoid bone conchae has three shelves on each side, 2 shelves are ______ and ______. 3rd shelf is a separate bone called the _____ _____.
frontal bone (1)
forehead bone, forms roof of orbits, zygomatic process joins with zygomatic bone.
parietal bone (2)
form middle side of cranium
forms back and base of skull.
The _____ ______ of the occipital bone is a hole through which spinal cord goes, leading into brainstem.
on either side of the foramen magnum, where vertebral column articulates with the skull. atlas articulates with skull at these points.
external occipital protuberance
small bump at back of head
temporal bones (2)
bones on side of head, below parietal bones, contains hearing and balance mechanisms.
temporal, mastoid, zygomatic, styloid
_______ bones contain ______ process behind the ear, ______ process, joins with zygomatic bone. _______ process, finger like projection from base of temporal bone.
external auditory meatus
part of temporal bone, opening in the skull that leads to the ear.
sphenoid bone (1), lesser , greater
from one side of skull to the other; forms platform across front base of skull; forms part of orbits and nasal cavity; ____ wings look like ears of a bat and _______ wings look like wings of bat.
The _______ wings of the sphenoid bone come out to the sides of the skull laterally and upward-directed plates. This is the part that extends to the outer surface
lateral pterygoid, medial pterygoid
The ______ ________ plates and _______ _______ plates are attached to the greater wing of the sphenoid bone. Muscles attach to them.
Tiny projection that extends from the base of the medial pterygoid plate of the sphenoid bone.
mandible, body, ramus, angle
______ : lower jaw bone, the _____ is the horizontal part, the ______ is the vertical part and the _______ is the junction between the first and second.
coronoid process, condyle
the top of the ramus divides into a U shaped structure; the ______ _______ is anterior and the _______ is posterior and articulates with the temporal bone.
This is the place where the teeth fit on the mandible
upper jaw and part of roof of mouth; two bones come together at midline and form part of the roof of the mouth and part of the orbitz.
part of the maxillae that joins with the zygomatic bone
part of maxillae; lateral bony frame of nose and lateral wall of the nasal cavity
alveolar process (aka alveolar ridge)
houses upper teeth; part of maxillae
palatine process (2)
come together at midline of maxilla and articulate together; horizontal and medially-directed projection; part of the hard palate; forms anterior 3/4 of root of mouth and bony floor of the nasal cavity.
midline intermaxillary suture
terminates anteriorly at incisive foramen of maxillae
some consider this a separate bone, it is part of the maxillae and is at the very front of the roof of the mouth.
little hole where the midline intermaxillary suture and premaxilla/maxillary-premaxillary suture meet
when the palatine process don't swing up and come together during fetal development. there is a gap between the oral/nasal cavity causing issues with speech and swallowing.
nasal bones (2)
bony bridge of the nose, on each side; very tiny; articulate with frontal bones and also articulares with front process of the maxilla
palatine bones (2)
horizontal plate which forms posterior 1/4 of the hard palate; forms posterior nasal spine; posterior to palatine process of maxilla.
anterior nasal spine
where the palatine process come together; little point in the maxilla
lacrimal bones (2)
form part of medial walls of orbits; near the tear ducts
zygomatic bones (2)
cheek bones, elevated from the side of the skull; easily fractured, forms part of the orbits
temporal bone, frontal bone, maxilla
zygomatic bone articulates with the zygomatic process of these bones.
inferior nasal conchae (2)
bottom-most part of lateral nasal wall; same as middle and superior conchae of ethmoid
together the palatine bones and palatine processes forms this
sticks out on the zygomatic bones and is very easy to break
inferior half of bony septum; inferior to the perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone
anterior border of vomer articulates with the cartilage of the _________.
for ______ consonants, there is no source of vibration, creating constriction w/ position of tongue.
sinuses, 4, 8
_________: air filled spaces inside the skull; make the skull lighter; these spaces are filled with mucous membrane; There are ___ pairs of these (left/right), ____ total; When you have a bad cold the mucous membrane lining swells and these become clogged/blocked and tissues may become infected.
the area between the lips and cheeks externally and teeth and gums interally
teeth, alveolar process, hard palate, soft palate, muscular floor, palato-glossal arch
oral cavity: anterio/lateral border limited by the _______ (maxilla/mandible) and _______ _______; superior formed by the _____ ______ and by _____ _______; inferior surface is _______ _______; posterior border is _______-_______ ________.
ethmoid, frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, sphenoid
mandible, maxillae, nasal bones, palatine bones, lacrimal bones, zygomatic bones, inferior nasal conchae, vomer
facial skeleton bones
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