These were developed to gather the savings from the middle class to support finance colonies. Ex. London Company and Plymouth Company.
a colony in which stockholders were granted rights and privileges by the English monarch
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
English Protestants who would not accept allegiance in any form to the Church of England. Included the Pilgrims and Quakers
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was written by the Pilgrims and signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower setting up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Colony settled by the Pilgrims in 1620. It eventually merged with Massachusetts Bay colony.
A Pilgrim, the second governor of the Plymouth colony, 1621-1657. He developed private land ownership and helped colonists get out of debt. He helped the colony survive droughts, crop failures, and Indian attacks.
Massachusetts Bay Company
joint-stock company chartered by Charles I in 1629. It was controlled by Non-Separatists who took the charter with them to New England and, in effect, converted it into a written constitution for the colony.
As first governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony he was instrumental in forming the colony's government and shaping its legislative policy. He envisioned the colony, centered in present-day Boston, as a "city upon a hill" from which Puritans would spread religious righteousness throughout the world.
He founded Rhode Island for separation of Church and State, believing that the Puritans were too powerful. He was ordered to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs.
A Puritan minister who led about 100 settlers out of Massachusetts Bay to Connecticut because he believed that the governor and other officials had too much power. He wanted to set up a colony in Connecticut with strict limits on government.
Dutch colonist who bought Manhattan from the Native Americans for the equivalent of $24 (1580-1638)
Sir George Carteret
one of the proprietors who was given the southern part of the Duke of York's colony; he and his partner, Lord John Berkeley, named their colony New Jersey
English dissenters who broke from Church of England, preached a doctrine of pacificism, inner divinity, and social equity, and under William Penn they founded Pennsylvania
An English General who founded the colony of Georgia in 1733 as place for Englishmen in debt to start over.
Native American who helped the English colonists in Massachusetts develop agricultural techniques and served as an interpreter between the colonists and the Wampanoag.