Psychology Ch 1

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The Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov discovered dogs would salivate to the sound of a ticking metronome due to ________.
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Terms in this set (25)
The general curiosity about why people think, feel, and behave the way they do ______.has always probably been with usWhich of he following is an empirical question?"Is there life on other planets?"In the 1970s, a 13 year old girl was found locked up in a room, strapped to a potty chair. Since she had grown up in a world without human speech, researcher studied "Genie's" ability to acquire words, grammar, and pronunciation. This type of research is called a studyDr. Smith has individuals cycle on stationary bikes for 0, 10, 20, or 30 minutes, after which he measures their self reported mood. In this hypothetical study, the dependent variable is the ______.self reported moodIn the studying bystander effect, a researcher is interested in looking at differences between prison guards in china and the United Kingdom. The researcher is taking a(n) ___________ perspective in the cross-cultural study.socioculturalDaVonte is planning on studying the influence of intelligence on the ability to recall events from the 1960s. If DaVonte does not account for variables such as age, which could also influence one's ability to recall these events, age could be considered a(n) _________ variable.confoundingA researcher stops at the mall and asks them questions about their attitudes toward gun control. Which research technique is being used?surveyWhy was the perspective followed by Wilhelm Wundt and his followers called structuralism?Their primary focus was on describing the structure of conscious experience.Double-blind studies control for _____________.both the placebo effect and the experimenter effectA variable that the experimenter manipulates is called a(n) ____________.Independent variable.Which of the following situations best illustrates the placebo effect?You drink a nonalcoholic drink and become "intoxicated" because you think it contains alcohol.Which of the following correlation coefficients represents the strongest relationship between two variables?-.75Which psychologist was the first African American to receive a Ph.D. in educational psychology in 1925?Charles Henry ThompsonDrinking orange juice is negatively correlated with the risk of cancer. Based on this information, which of the following statements is true?The more orange juice you drink, the lower your risk of cancer.Who claimed that behavior is affected by reinforcement?B. F. Skinner