Global Health ‑ Chapter 2
Terms in this set (17)
What are the 5 most populous countries in the world?
China, India, US, Indonesia, Brazil
Give examples of determinants of health (8 total).
Individual characteristics, physical environment, employment conditions, access to health services, health behaviors, healthy prenatal and child development, social and economic environment, governance, policies and interventions
how many deaths/ in a group for what time
how much sickness/ in a group for what time
all new cases of sickness
all current cases of sickness
How is incidence rate calculated?
# of new cases / total population at risk (minus "old" cases)
How is prevalence rate calculated?
# of all ill people / avg # of people in the population or total in group
Health lost due to particular illnesses and disabilities in a particular year in a particular population compared with the healthiest possible population.
Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs)
What "losses in health" are considered in DALYs versus mortality rates?
premature death, illness, and disability
Age shifts in populations.
Shifts from communicable to non-communicable diseases.
What 2 regions have the shortest life expectancy?
Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia
What are the 3 broad groups of causes of death used by WHO?
Group 1: Communicable, maternal, perinatal, nutritional
Group 2: Non-communicable (usually chronic)
Group 3: Injuries
What are examples of leading causes of death shared in low/middle income countries?
HIV/AIDS, perinatal conditions, diarrheal diseases, TB, malaria, traffic accidents
What are examples of leading causes of death shared in high income countries?
cancers, alzheimer, dementias, diabetes mellitus
What are some of the factors that explain the differences in health of people in Kerala relative the rest of India?
High emphasis on education for all, primary healthcare services for all, focus on nutrition, family planning, immunizations, elevated status of women
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