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Bethesda Figurative Language
Terms in this set (18)
figurative language/figures of speech
nonliteral language that explains or considers one thing by comparing it to something else quite different. Figurative language should evoke strong images.
an implied comparison between two things that are not alike but have something important in common. One of the things is the writer's actual subject.
"All the world's a stage/And all the men and women merely players." As You Like It. Personification and simile are both kinds of metaphors.
direct comparison using as or like
"Life, like a dome of many-colored glass/Stains the white
radiance of Eternity." Percy Bysshe Shelley, "Adonis"
a point-by-point presentation of one thing as though it were another.
"Hope is the thing with feathers
That perches in the soul,
And sings the tune--without the words,
And never stops at all." Emily Dickinson
a metaphor where an animal, idea, or thing is described as if it were a person. "And this same flower that smiles today, Tomorrow will be dying." Robert Herrick
when part of something is used to represent the whole.
"They were called legs or grunts." The Things They Carried Memory hint: his neck is part of him
when something is represented by another thing closely associated with it. The White House or Oval Office for the President
addressing an inanimate object as though it could answer. A direct address to something abstract, a thing, an animal, or an imaginary or absent person. "Leave me, O Heart."
a form of lyric poetry — expressing emotion — usually addressed to someone or something, or it represents the poet's musings on that person or thing
Juxtaposition is placing two elements or words side by side so the reader can compare them and contrast them.
a statement that seems contradictory but actually is not
"I, a child, very old." Walt Whitman
a type of paradox made up of two seemingly contradictory words: "Out of the murderous innocence of the sea." WB Yeats. Jumbo shrimp
a play on words based on words having similar pronunciation or spelling but different meanings.
"Bravery runs in my family." AR Ammons
deliberate exaggeration for emphasis or to produce a comic or ironic effect. Overstatement to make a point.
"And I will love you still, my dear/when all the seas gang(go) dry." Robert Burns
presenting something as less important, awful, good, or whatever than it really is, usually for satire or humor.
"The grave's a fine and private place,
But one, I think do there embrace." Andrew Marvell, "To His Coy Mistress."
figure of speech consisting of an understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite. Remember Beowulf:)
repeating an initial word or word to add emphasis.
"'Whose herds with milk, whose fields with bread,
Whose flocks supply him with attire." Alexander Pope
the substitution of an inoffensive term for one considered offensively explicit. Using an indirect word or phrase for a more direct one. She passed away.
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