Unit 5: Environmental Studies (terms on the quiz)

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Terms in this set (38)
populationThe _________ of the earth is increasing rapidly. = the number of people in a placeatmosphereThe __________ of the earth is mostly nitrogen and oxygen = the mixture of gases that surrounds a planettemperatureThe ________ of the earth is slowly rising. = a measure of how hot or cold a place or thing isprecipitationThat area has a lot of ________. = rain, snow etc that falls on the ground, or the amount of rain, snow etc that fallsimpactThey are discussing the ________ of the new law on climate change. = the effect or influence that an event, situation etc has on someone or somethingsustainableThey are exploring ________ transportation methods. = able to continue without causing damage to the environmentearthquakeIn 1906, there was a big _______ in San Francisco. = a sudden shaking of the Earth's surface that often causes a lot of damagebiodiversity_________ is an important part of a healthy ecosystem = having many different types of plants, animals, insects, etc in an area.natural gasMany stoves use __________. (2 words) = a substance that is taken from under the earth or under the sea and burned to produce heat or energycoalIn some places people still burn _______ for energy. = a hard black mineral which is dug out of the ground and burnt to produce heatfossil fuelsEnvironmentalists are trying to replace ________. (two words) = energy sources such as coal or oil that were made by decaying animals or plants over millions of yearsbanSome cities have ________ plastic water bottles because they are bad for the environment. = an official order that prevents something from being used or doneconserveTurning off lights can help _________ energy. = to use as little water, energy etc as possible so that it is not wastedcontaminatedThe drinking water was _________. = to make a place or substance dirty or harmful by putting something such as chemicals or poison in itwildlifeThere is a lot of ______ in a rainforest. = animals and plant growing in natural conditions (i.e. not controlled by people)altitudeThere aren't many tree because of the high ________. = how far a place is above the seaclimateLA has a dry ________. = the typical weather conditions in a particular arearegulationsThere need to be strict _________ to protect the environment from pollution. = official rules or order that say how, when, how much, etc something should happencarbon dioxide__________ is the gas produced when animals breathe out. (2 words)oxygen_________ is the gas that animals need to breathe in.decomposePlastic takes hundreds of years to _________. = to break down into smaller parts by a slow natural process, especially through the action of particular bacteria or fungi; similar to decaybacteria_________ help break down organic materials. = very small living things, some of which cause illness or diseaseorganicRocks are not _______ matter but plants and animals are. = living, or produced by or from living thingsmeltingThe polar ice caps are ________ because of global warming. = when solid becomes liquidnuclearThere are many __________ power plants in the U.S. = power created by splitting atomssolarThey put _________ panels on their roof. = getting power from the sunhydroDams are a way of creating __________ power. = power from moving waterwindSome areas use ___________ to create power. (2 words) = a kind of large fan that is moved by air to create power

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