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37 terms

Ch. 6 Vocab APUSH (raynor)

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abolition
the act of abolishing a system or practice or institution (especially abolishing slavery)
attrition
a wearing down to weaken or destroy
convention
the act of convening
Articles of Confederation
a written agreement ratified in 1781 by the thirteen original states
Electoral College
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
Emancipation
the freeing of slaves
Federalist
a member of a former political party in the United States that favored a strong centralized federal government
Loyalist
A person who supported the British during the American Revolution
Manumission of slaves
the act of a slave owner freeing their slaves
Popular sovereignty
The concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government. People express themselves through voting and free participation in government
public virtue
Meant, to the revolutionary generation, patriotism and the willingness of a free and independent people to subordinate their interests to the common good and even to die for their country
shaysites
rebels who followed Daniel Shays in Shays Rebellion; rebel of debters who states weren't helping
sovereign power
the individual or institution in a political system whose decisions are binding and unable to be overturned by other individuals or institutions
Alexander Hamilton
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
Baron van Steuben
He whipped the colonial army into shape. He greatly helped the cause for independence by providing desperately needed assistance to the soldiers.
Benedict Arnold
Successful American general during the Revolution who turned traitor in 1780 and joined the British cause.
Benjamin Franklin
Printer, author, inventor, diplomat, statesman, and Founding Father. One of the few Americans who was highly respected in Europe, primarily due to his discoveries in the field of electricity.
Francois de Grasse
He is best known for his command of the French fleet at the Battle of the Chesapeake, which led directly to the British surrender at Yorktown.
Elizabeth Freeman
first enslaved African American to be free by a constitution (Massachusetts 1780)
James Madison
4th President of the United States, member of the Continental Congress and rapporteur at the Constitutional Convention in 1776; helped frame the Bill of Rights (1751-1836)
John Madison
The three men who wrote The Federalist Papers.
John Burgoyne
British general in the American Revolution who captured Fort Ticonderoga but lost the battle of Saratoga in 1777 (1722-1792)
John Carroll
Jesuit priest from Maryland, became first Catholic bishop in the US in 1790.
Joseph Brant
Mohawk leader who supported the British during the American Revolution.
Lord Cornwallis
the commander of British troops in the South, best known for his defeat at the Battle of Yorktown
Nathaniel Greene
Quaker-raised American general who employed tactics of fighting and then drawing back to recover, then attacking again. Defeated Cornwallis by thus "fighting Quaker".
Richard & William Howe
British generals whose mistakes led to British defeat in the American Revolution
Robert Morris
leader of the American Revolution who signed the Declaration of Independence and raised money for the Continental Army (1734-1806)
Thomas Jefferson
3rd President of the United States, chief drafter of the Declaration of Independence; made the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and sent out the Lewis and Clark Expedition to explore it (1743-1826)
Massachusetts Bill of Rights
1780, declaration of the rights of the people MA; proclaimed all people were born "free and equal"
Protestant Episcopal Church
New name for the Anglican Church after it was disestablished and de-Anglicized in Virginia and elsewhere
Rodrigue Hortalez et compagnie
French gave Americans millions of pounds of gunpowder and ammunition under this Portuguese company
Spanish dollar
silver coin the US dollar was modeled after
3/5 compromise
the decision at the Constitutional convention to count slaves as 3/5 of a person for the purpose of deciding the population and determining how many seats each state would have in Congress
Newburgh, New York
the headquarters of the Continental Army from March, 1782 until the latter part of 1783. While the army was camped here, some of its senior officers began a conspiracy to overthrow the government. General George Washington was able to persuade his officers to stay loyal to him; army disbanded here in 1783
Battle of Trenton
The Americans surprised the Hessian troops guarding Trenton and took most of them prisoner; the Americans won.
Battle of Princeton
A week after the Battle at Trenton, Washington left a few men to tend some campfires and fool the enemy again. He quietly marched his army to Princeton, where they suprised and beat a British force. New Jersey turned Patriot. This battle helped the American morale.