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Terms in this set (39)
farewell address, George W recommends, which foreign policy
American have no permanent alliance
Not one of Woodrow Wilsons 14 point
"Germany must pay reparations for the cost of recent conflict"
1982 speech to Britsih Parlement, Ronald Reagan calls for
Fostering the infrastructure of democracy in countries around the world
Walzer says doctrine of Realism holds that
in matters of war, morality does not apply
walzer uses the Ex of conflict b/w Athens and Melos to show
Athenians freely chose the path of conquest
The diff b/w Jus ad bellum & jus in bello is b/w
justice in the decision to go to war, and justice in the way war is fought
the war convention is
rules for fighting war and treating prisoners, based on consent of man kind
according to Walzer, which is NOT a right of the state
to demand their allies to appease aggressors whom they cant defeat
which is not part of the "legalist paradigm" defining crime of war
non-democratic states cant be members of international society
according to walzer, for preemption to be justified a state must wait for..
a "point of sufficient threat" where waiting for an actual attack magnifies risk
john stuart believes self-determination for political communities and thinks that even well-intened military intervention by ...
political virtue must be developed internally and cant be imposed by force
according to walzer, military by one state in the military affairs of another can be justified in all following circumstances EXCEPT
as a perspective war to preserve the balance of power
henry sidgwick two rules or how we should fight wars looks to
victory and proportionality
walzer says about the naked soldier or the soldier having a smoke
the laws of war allow a sniper to shoot him
according to walzer, double effect is the principle that
accept the foreseeable killing of civilians in certain circumstances, provided that it is not intended and that some effort was make to avoid it
how does walzer define terrorism
a random murder of innocent people for a political end
what does walzer think of the british decision to bomb german cities in WWII?
it was morally defensible b/c of supreme emergency, but not after 1942
according to walzer, what should we have done instead of atom-bombing japan?
relinquished our demand for unconditional surrender and accept surrender on negotiated terms
John dwewy writes that the temper of lockes liberal philosophy is
Benthams utilitarianism is based on
equality: everyone counts as one and no one counts as more than one
According to dewey the values of liberalism are
liberty, individuality, and free intelligence
modern liberalism, in contrast to classical or 19th century liberalism holds
there is a positive role for the state in exchanging liberties and securing welfare
dewey says that liberalism has entered a crisis b/c
A) early liberals had no idea of historic relativity
B) the capitalist whose free enterprise was promoted became a vested interest
C) true individuality is formed through human association
D) ALL THE ABOVE
dewey held that in his time the aims of liberalism could only be achieved by
organized social planning
dewey says that people see that social change is fast, but need to see that
All the above
dewey speaks of free intelligence, he has in mind especially
the science method, as applied in technology and in policy-making
does dewey think that renascent liberalism requires violent revolution?
no, b/c a socialized economy can be established through reform, following the process of free intelligence
written in 1944, Hayek argues that totalitarianism in Germany as well as Russia has resulted from
Hayek tells us that individualism really means
respect for the individual man qua man
what important change to the meaning of "freedom" has contributed to the rise of socialism?
it used to mean freedom from coercion; now it means freedom from necessity
according to Hayek, the key impersonal mechanism for transmitting economy info among individuals and thereby coordination their economic activity is
the price system
which of the following arguments does Hayek use against planning?
all the above
according to Hayek, democracy is increasingly seen as inadequate b/c
it has set itself the impossible goal of central planning, which it cant fulfill in areas where there is deep disagreement
what Hayek calls the great liberal principle of the rule of law ensures
individuals can foresee how authority will use coercive power and thus can make their own plans
which of the following does Hayek NOT say
no case can be made for reducing inequalities of opportunity thats results from inherited property
the most important guaranty of freedom is
the system of private property
according to Hayek, if jobs and pay in many sectors of the economy are made fixed and secure, what results?
Hayek praises the market for being
the virtues of individualism, according to Hayek include
independence, self-reliance, willingness to take risk, confidence in ones opinions, and willingness to cooperate with neighbors.
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