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A&P 9/23 Overview of Skeleton
Terms in this set (41)
What is included in the axial skeleton?
skull, ribcage, vertebral column, hyoid bone
What is included in the appendicular skeleton?
upper limbs, pectoral girdle, lower limbs, pelvic girdle
where 2 bones meet
List the 3 types of joints
fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
What CT are fibrous joints held together by?
What CT are cartilaginous joints held together by?
hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage
What CT are synovial joints held together by?
Bones in a ___________ joints are held together by dense collagen
Bones in a _____________ joints are held together by hyaline cartilage or fibrocartilage
What are all synovial joins encased in?
What is the joint capsule made out of?
The bones are covered with _____________ cartilage on the surfaces where they contact, referred to as "___________________________________"
hyaline, articular cartilage
The interior of the join on the non-contact surfaces is lines with a delicate ______________ membrane, which produces a slippery lubricating _______________ to reduce friction
synovial, synovial fluid
_______________ and _______________ are bands of dense _____________ connective tissue that help to _________________ the joint
ligament, tendons, regular, stabilize
_______________ joints are the class associated with the most injury
A thicker bone indicates what about the amount of weight it supports
Define suture joints
hold cranial bones tightly together
gaps/soft spots on infant skull
Define paranasal sinuses
air-filled spaces lined by moist membranes
The ___________ houses the eyeball and its muscles
The ________________ houses the tongue, teeth, gums, and salivary glands
Intervertebral disc are made out of ________________________
What is the name for the top 7 vertebrae?
What is the name for the middle 12 vertebrae?
What is the name for the bottom 5 vertebrae
As you go down the vertebral column, vertebrae size becomes ________________
The vertebral canal houses and protect the ______________________
List the 2 primary curves of the spine
thoracic and sacral
List the 2 secondary curves of the spine
cervical and lumbar
Primary curves are also referred to as ______________________
Secondary curves are also referred to as ______________________
What is the term for exaggeration of the thoracic curve?
What is the term for exaggerated lumbar curves?
What structures does the rib cage include?
ribs, sternum, costal cartilages
What is the sternal angle?
landmark used to locate ribs
The _________________, the major breathing muscle, spans the bottom of the ____________ cavity and separates it from the _______________________ cavity
diaphragm, thoracic, abdominopelvic
Is the shoulder more stable or mobile?
Is the hip more stable or mobile?
The forearm has ____________ at the expense of _____________
the leg has ___________ at the expense of _____________
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