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114 terms

AP Lang Vocab 6

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Adulation
noun excessive devotion to someone; servile flattery. admiration
Antediluvian
adjective of or belonging to the period before the Flood.
very old, old-fashioned, or out of date; antiquated; primitive: antediluvian ideas.
Candor
noun the state or quality of being frank, open, and sincere in speech or expression; candidness: The candor of the speech impressed the audience.
freedom from bias; fairness; impartiality: to consider an issue with candor.
Debase
verb (used with object), -based, -bas•ing.
to degrade in some way
to lower in rank, dignity, or significance: He wouldn't debase himself by doing manual labor.
Enigmatic
adjective resembling an enigma; perplexing; mysterious.
Expatiate
verb (used without object), -at•ed, -at•ing.
to enlarge in discourse or writing; be copious in description or discussion: to expatiate upon a theme. to speak or write elaborately or in great length
Foist
verb (used with object) to force upon or impose fraudulently or unjustifiably (usually followed by on or upon )to bring, put, or introduce surreptitiously or fraudulently(usually followed by in or into ): to foist political views in to a news story.
Nascent
adjective beginning to exist or develop: the nascent republic. beginning to display signs of potential
Propitious
adjective presenting favorable conditions; favorable: propitious weather.
indicative of favor; auspicious: propitious omens favorably inclined; disposed to bestow favors or forgive: propitious gods.
Rakish
adjective Having or displaying a dashing, jaunty, or slightly disreputable quality or appearance. disreputable but charming
Supplicate
verb Ask or beg for something earnestly or humbly
Transcendent
(a.) Going beyond ordinary limits; surpassing; exceeding
(n.) Transcendental function
above and beyond
Truculent
adjective eager or quick to argue or fight; aggressively defiant.
Wan
adjective of an unnatural or sickly pallor; pallid; lacking color showing or suggesting ill health, fatigue, unhappiness, lacking in forcefulness, competence, or effectiveness: theirwan attempts to organize the alumni. lacking vitality
Wheedle
- verb Employ endearments or flattery to persuade someone to do something or give one something: "you can wheedle your way onto a court". Coax or persuade someone to do something.
Abate
make less severe by natural occurrence to diminish in intensity, violence, amount.
Amnesty
general pardon for offenses, especially political offenses.
Choleric
extremely irritable or easily angered, irascible
Elan
dash; impetuous ardor, energy, enthusiasm
Encomium
a formal expression of high praise; eulogy
Erudition (Erudite)
knowledge acquired by study, research. Showing knowledge or scholarship
Imperious
domineering in a haughty manner; dictatorial; overbearing; arrogant
Machination
crafty schemes, plots, intrigues
Mitigate
to lessen in force or intensity, as wrath, grief; YOU make it less severe
Ostentatious
characterized by or given to pretentious or conspicuous; showing off in a vulgar manner
Pernicious
causing insidious harm or ruin, ruinous, hurtful
Prodigious
extraordinary in size, amount, extent; remarkably great
Askance
with suspicions mistrust or disapproval with a side glance, sideways, obliquely
Abet
to encourage support in wrongdoing
Amorphous
lacking definite form , having no specific shape
Aspersion
(n.) a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming
Bumptious
offensively self-assertive, obtusely, obnoxious
Circuitous
roundabout, not direct
Elegiac
mournful over what has passed or been lost; often used to describe tone
Evanescent
(adj.) vanishing, soon passing away; light and airy
Inveterate
firmly established, long-standing; habitual
Paean
a song or hymn of praise and thanksgiving
Perspicacity
mental sharpness; keen insight; shrewdness
especially to discern something
Profligate
excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant, prodigal
Reprove
to find fault with, scold, rebuke
Titular
of or associated with or bearing a title signifying status or function
Abstemious
moderate in appetite, sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
Assiduous
persistent, attentive, diligent
Buttress
to support, prop up, strengthen; a supporting structure
Celerity
swiftness, rapidity of motion or action
Clangor
a loud resonant repeating noise
Ex Officio
by virtue of an office or position
Firmament
the vault of heaven; sky`
Impugn
to call into question; to attack as false
Invidious
(adj.) offensive, hateful; tending to cause bitterness and resentment
Magniloquent
speaking in lofty in expression; pompous
Grandiose
impressive because of unnecessary largeness or grandeur
Panegyric
a formal expression of praise
Repudiate
refuse to acknowledge, ratify, or recognize as valid , cast off or disown, reject as untrue, unfounded, or unjust
Succulent
full of juice; juicy, rich in desirable qualities
Torpid
inactive, sluggish, dull
Anathema
an object of intense dislike; a curse or strong denunciation, a cursed, detested person
Assuage
to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench
cupidity
extreme greed for material wealth
Enervate
to weaken or lessen the mental, moral, or physical vigor of; enfeeble, hamstring
Exculpate
to free from guilt or blame, prove innocent
Florid
elaborately or excessively ornamented, (adj.) highly colored, reddish; excessively ornate, showy, flowery
Gratuitous
unnecessary and unwarranted, without cause, given freely; unearned; unwarranted
Incendiary
arousing to action or rebellion, deliberately setting or causing fires; designed to start fires; tending to stir up strife or rebellion; one who deliberately sets fires, arsonist; one who causes strife
Inimical
Hostile, unfriendly
Motley
(adj.) showing great variety; composed of different elements or many colors; (n.) a jester's costume; a jester
Palpable
capable of being touched or felt; easily seen, heard, or recognized
Petulant
peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset
Prognosticate
(v.) to predict, especially on the basis of present indications or signs
Scurrilous
(adj.) coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed
Vapid
dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force
Acrimonious
stinging, bitter in temper or tone
Callow
Without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers
Exhort
to urge strongly, advise earnestly, urge on or encourage especially by shouts
Feckless
lacking in spirit and strength; ineffective, weak; irresponsible, unreliable
Intractable
not easily managed or directed; stubborn; obstinate
Jejune
lacking interest or significance, lacking in nutritive value
Paragon
a model of excellence or perfection, epitome
Piquant
having an agreeably pungent taste
Propensity
a natural inclination or tendency
Propound
to put forward for consideration
Reticent
reluctant to draw attention to yourself, cool and formal in manner
Seditious
(adj.) resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government
Supercilious
having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy
Vestige
a trace or evidence of something that once existed
Adventitious
resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential
Aver
to state as a fact; to confirm or support, to affirm; declare to be true
Capitulate
(v.) To end resistance, give up, surrender, throw in the towel
Consternation
Feelings or anxiety or dismay typically at something unexpected
Enmity
the state or feeling of being actively opposed or hostile to someone or something
Foment
try to stir up public opinion, stir up, instigate
Hackneyed
overused, cliched, overdone especially for a phrase
Languid
slow, sluggish, listless, weak, displaying or having disinclination for physical activity
Martial
associated with war and the armed forces, military
Portent
indication of something important or calamitous about to occur; omen
Propriety
the state of being proper, appropriateness; standards of what is proper or socially acceptable
Recapitulate
to review a series of facts; to sum up, summarize briefly
Surreptitious
marked by quiet and caution and secrecy
Transmute
change or alter in form, appearance, or nature
Veracity
Adherence to the truth; truthfulness; accurate
Assumption
a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn
Audience
reader; connected to context and purpose; previous knowledge, attitude, bias (in accordance to the rhetorical triangle)
Concede
reluctant acknowledgement or yield
Context
Words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning
Counterargument
A challenge to a position; an opposing argument
Narration
Retelling an event or series of events
Persona
The speaker, voice, or character assumed by the author of a piece of writing
Polemic
An argument against an idea, usually regarding philosophy, politics, or religion
Propaganda
A negative term for writing designed to sway opinion rather than present information
Purpose
One's intention or objective in a speech or writing
Refute
To discredit an argument, particularly in a counterargument
Rhetoric
The study of effective, persuasive language use; according to Aristotle, use of the "available means of persuasion"
Hyperbole
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse