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General features of vertebrae
Posterior spinous process, anterior vertebral body, two lateral transverse processes, and a central vertebral foramen
7 vertebrae located in the neck; have holes in their transverse processes called transverse foramina; have bifid or forked spinous processes
permit the passage of vertebral artery and vein; a feature of the cervical vertebrae
(C1); first cervical vertebra; articulates with the occipital bone; large vertebral foramen, no body, or spinous process
The dens of the axis fits up inside the atlas to form this joint, which allows rotation of the head.
12 thoracic vertebrae; spinous processes that are thin and point inferiorly; two costal facets that articulate with the ribs, triangular vertebral foramina; looks like a giraffe
5 lumbar vertebrae; large, block-like body; spinous processes that are thick and point posteriorly; looks like a moose
Holes that allow the passage of spinal nerves, which flank both sides of the sacral bodies
Classified as a skull bone; does not articulate with any skull bone or other bone; held in place in the superior neck by muscles and ligaments; forms the framework for the larynx; serves as an attachment site for muscles of tongue and aids in swallowing; consists of a body and greater/lesser horn
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