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Professional English in Use


money need to start or set up a company

a loan

borrowed money paid back with interset, typically from banks

shares or equity

certificates representing units of ownership of a company


people who invest money in shares and they own part of the company

share capital

money invested by shareholders


loans that pay interest and are repaid at a fixed future date


money that is owed to other people or businesses


a companies debts in accounting terminology

working capital or funds

the money that a business uses for everyday expenses or has available for spending


all the money coming into a company during a given period of time


revenue minus the cost of sales and operating expenses

Balance Sheet

shows the company's assets, liabilities, and its capital

Profit and Loss Account or Income Statement

shows the company's revenues and expenses during a particular period, such as three months or a year

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