Police and the Constitution: The Rules of Law Enforcement CH7

The Fourth Amendment is fundamental to law enforcement officers because it contains two critical legal concepts. These are
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While on routine patrol, a police officer is approached by the owner of a local convenience store. They tell the police officer that two young men who were just in their store were responsible for several recent break-ins of area businesses. Acting on this tip, the police officer calls for backup and subsequently arrests the two young men. Which source of probable cause was the officer acting on?
In which case did the Court establish that police could do warrantless searches incidental to arrests?United States v. Robinson (1973), the Court established that as long as the original arrest was based on probable causeThe exclusionary rule was established in which of the following cases?United States v. Leon Weeks v. United StatesWhen are officers allowed to search a vehicle without a search warrant?If there is probable cause of criminal activity If the driver of the car is being arrested and is close enough to the vehicle to destroy evidence or grab a weapon from the vehicle If there is consent of the driverWhat was the Court's ruling in Carpenter v. United States regarding search and seizure?Warrants are required for cell phone tracking. The voluntary giving of information to cell phone companies does mean cell phone users willingly give this information to law enforcement.Which of the following is not an exception to the search warrant requirement?Crime Scene Searches -Flippo v. West Virginia 1999Which case established the stop and frisk doctrine?Terry v Ohio 1968Which of the following is not a relevant factor in determining whether a consent search is voluntary?The place to be searchedWhich case established the rule for interrogations while in police custody?Miranda v. Arizona (1966)Which of the following is not a general type of false confession?ExternalizedWhat are the three types of identification procedures used by law enforcement to establish a suspect's identity?Showups, lineups, and photo arraysUnder which rule would illegally obtained evidence be inadmissible in court?Fruit of the poisoned treeWhich case limited the scope of police searches incidental to arrests?Chimel v. California (1969)has been defined by the courts as evidence that may lead a reasonable person to believe that a crime has been committed.Reasonable suspicionWhich case established the "good faith" doctrine?United States v. Leon (1984)-evidence acquired by a police officer using a technically invalid warrant is admissible if the officer was unaware of the error.What does the "particularity" requirement for search warrants establish?Particularity means to specifically describe the place, people, and objects to be searched and/or seized.Which of the following cases held that police officers do not need a warrant to enter a private home in an emergency?Brigham City v. Stuart (2006)The use of electronic equipment by law enforcement agents to record private conversations or observe conduct that is meant to be private is known asElectronic SurveillanceAccording to the Supreme Court, a frisk should be a protective measure as opposed to a(n)fishing expeditionare relatively brief intrusions on a citizen's rights, whereas an arrest involves deprivation of liberty and calls for a full range of constitutional protections.StopsWhich cases established a right to counsel while in custody during police interrogation under the Sixth Amendment?Escobedo v. Illinois (1964) Miranda v. Arizona (1966) Terry v. Ohio (1968)