5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Open-field farming
- Henry Court
- Fodder crops
- Samuel Crompton
- Meadow floating
- a 1779, a Brit who combined the best features of the spinning jenny with the water frame -> spinning mule/Crompton's mule.
- b Made the puddling process
- c In order to combat the issue of not having food/water for animals, farmed flood low-lying land near streams in the winter to prevent ground from freezing and then drained the water which produce an early grass for animals to eat
- d one-half and one-third of village land fallow so nutrients restored for next year. Communal rather than individual
- e Plants that are grown for animals to feed off so they can stay in pens.
5 Multiple choice questions
- This was a public health official who wrote reports on the poor living conditions of the cities and believed that poverty was caused by illnesses
- English inventor and entrepreneur who became the wealthiest and most successful textile manufacturer of the early Industrial Revolution. He invented the water frame, a machine that, with minimal human supervision, could spin several threads at once.
- process in which coke derived from coal is used to burn away impurities in crude iron to produce high quality iron
- The Act of 1864 stated that women found to be infected could be interned in locked hospitals for up to three months, a period gradually extended to one year with the 1869 Act. These measures were justified by medical and military officials as the most effective method to shield men from venereal disease.
- In 1709, he used coal to smelt iron, or separate iron from its ore. When he discovered that coal gave off impurities that damaged the iron; he found a way to remove the impurities from coal, leading to better quality/ cheaper iron.
5 True/False questions
Entrepreneurs → Parliament, controlled by landowners, passed these to encourage improved methods of cultivation and stock-raising to increase productivity(Agricultural Revolution). `The old village system was an obstacle to these so in the 18th century the squirearchy was able to ensure that more of the common land would come under private ownership - by the already landed wealthy. Enclosure reached its height in the Napoleonic wars. Led to the increased productivity of land and labor but also released labor for other wage earning pursuits(became available as factory workers).
George Stevenson → Built the world's first railroad line and he designed and built 4 locomotives that were used. Father of the modern railroad.
Ten Hours Act → Act by Parliament that prohibited underground work for women and boys under the age of ten. This furthered the gender divide in the working classes.
The Mines Act → The ten hours act of 1847 limited the workday for women and young people in factories to ten hour. This was an effort of the Tory party to gain support from the working class.
Robert Owen → Scottish engineer and inventor whose improvements in the steam engine led to its wide use in industry (1736-1819)