5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Robert Owen
- The Rocket
- George Stevenson
- Richard Arkwright
- Enclosure Acts
- a Built the world's first railroad line and he designed and built 4 locomotives that were used. Father of the modern railroad.
- b Parliament, controlled by landowners, passed these to encourage improved methods of cultivation and stock-raising to increase productivity(Agricultural Revolution). `The old village system was an obstacle to these so in the 18th century the squirearchy was able to ensure that more of the common land would come under private ownership - by the already landed wealthy. Enclosure reached its height in the Napoleonic wars. Led to the increased productivity of land and labor but also released labor for other wage earning pursuits(became available as factory workers).
- c Established a principle of communal regulation to improve the work and character of his employees., Welsh industrialist and social reformer who founded cooperative communities (1771-1858)
- d Stevenson's engine that won him a prize in 1829. Pulled a load 3x it's own weight at 30 mph, could outrun a horse.
- e English inventor and entrepreneur who became the wealthiest and most successful textile manufacturer of the early Industrial Revolution. He invented the water frame, a machine that, with minimal human supervision, could spin several threads at once.
5 Multiple choice questions
- external-combustion engine in which heat is used to raise steam which either turns a turbine or forces a piston to move up and down in a cylinder
- English industrialist whose pottery works were the first to produce fine-quality pottery by industrial methods.
- United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
- Made the puddling process
- process in which coke derived from coal is used to burn away impurities in crude iron to produce high quality iron
5 True/False questions
Cottage Industry → external-combustion engine in which heat is used to raise steam which either turns a turbine or forces a piston to move up and down in a cylinder
Entrepreneurs → Raised capital, almost always locally from relatives, friends, or members of the church; had to understand latest methods for building and powering machinery; had to know how to market goods.
Open-field farming → In order to combat the issue of not having food/water for animals, farmed flood low-lying land near streams in the winter to prevent ground from freezing and then drained the water which produce an early grass for animals to eat
Ten Hours Act → The ten hours act of 1847 limited the workday for women and young people in factories to ten hour. This was an effort of the Tory party to gain support from the working class.
Fodder crops → Plants that are grown for animals to feed off so they can stay in pens.