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APUSH Chapter 21
Terms in this set (33)
A policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries poitically, socially, and economically.
19th century of belief that evolutionary ideas theorized by Charles Darwin could be applied to society.
Annexation of Hawaii
1898 extended U.S. territory into the Pacific and highlighted resulted from economic integration and the rise of the United States as a Pacific power. Used Hawaii for farming (sugar)
Captain of the U.S. Navy who was for imperialism. He thought that a bigger navy was needed to protect American ships.
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
USS Maine Explosion
U.S. battleship sent to Cuba, it exploded killing 200+ Americans. U.S. thought it was Spain attacking them. This was used as excuse to start war with Spain.
A private letter written by Enrique Depuy de Lome, Spainish Minister to U.S, critized President Mckinley call him "weak" and "a bidder for the admiration of the crowd"
Legislation that promised the US would not annex Cuba after winning the Spanish-American war
Spanish American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
Battle of San Juan Hill
Main battle in Cuba during Spanish American War. US, with Roughriders, crush Spanish
Treaty of Paris
(1898) treaty that ended the Spanish American war. Cuban independence, US pays $20 mil for the Philippines, Puerto Rico and Guam
Philippine American War
fought to quell Filipino resistance to American control of the Philippine Islands. Filipino guerrilla soldiers finally gave up when their leader, Emilio Aguinaldo, was captured.
This act established Puerto Rico as an unorganized U.S. territory. Puerto Ricans were not given U.S. citizenship, but the U.S. president appointed the island's governor and governing council.
Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble. Guantanamo Bay
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force, first put into effect in Dominican Republic
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
Great White Fleet
16 American battleships, painted white, sent around the world to display American naval power
Foriegn Policy idea by Taft to make countries dependent on the U.S. by heavily investing in their economies
Foreign policy proposed by President Wilson to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace
1858-1919. 26th President. Increased size of Navy, "Great White Fleet". Added Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doctrine. "Big Stick" policy. Received Nobel Peace Prize for mediation of end of Russo-Japanese war.
Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism.
a popular American minister in the late 1800s who linked white supremacy to Christian missionary ideas
William Henry Seward
United States politician who as secretary of state in 1867 arranged for the purchase of Alaska from Russia (known at the time as Seward's Folly) (1801-1872)
Republican secretary of state who led early efforts to expand American influence in Latin America
Secretary of State under Cleveland, he was authorized by the President to tell the British that they were ignoring the Monroe Doctrine in their attempt to dominate Venezuela.
the Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests
Commodore George Dewey
Commander of the American naval squadron. He was ordered to defeat the Spanish fleet located in Manila Bay and he succeeded
Filipino who lead the Phillipine revolution against Spain, and after the Spanish-American war they fought agains the United States for independence
William Howard Taft
(1908-1912), was endorsed by Roosevelt because he pledged to carry on progressive program, but became more conservative over time. Ballinger-Pinchot affair (firing Pinchot for protecting wildlife) made him unpopular.
28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly)
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