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22 terms

Technology Vocabulary Structure Challenge

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Gusset
a metal or wood plate added to the surface of a joint to strenghten the connection
I Beam
a steel beam in the shape of an I
Arch
form an arch or curve
Tension
a stress that produces an elongation of an elastic physical body
Compression
the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together
Cantilever
a projecting beam that is attached to a building at one end, but suspended in the air at the other
Dead Load
the weight of the structure itself
Column
a tall cylindrical vertical upright and used to support a structure
Load Bearing
Wall that bears a load resting upon it by conducting its weight to a foundation structure.
Truss
a triangular bracket of brick or stone (usually of slight extent)
Cable Stay Bridge
is where a cables help support the weight of the structure
Square Set Timbering
a structure build entirely of cubes
Strength to Weight Ratio
a ratio of the amount of weight an object can hold and how much the structure weighs
Torsion
act of twisting; stress due to twisting forces exerted on a body
Span
the distance or interval between two points
Pratt Truss
truss where the angle of the triangles are facing one way toward the center and the other side of the bridge facing the opposite side
Warren Truss
they are creating and equal lateral triangles
Stress
force that produces strain on a physical body
Deflection
A measure of deformation of a structure due to applied loads.
Dynamic vs Static Load
Dynamic load is the permanent load of the structure. The weight of the structure alone. Static load is the amounts of weight being added or subtracted to the structure. Like cars going on and off of a bridge.
Lamination
a layered structure
Point of deformity
Where the structure starts to deform