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the part of the skeleton that includes the pectoral girdle and the pelvic girdle and the upper and lower limbs
tubular shaft that forms the axis of long bones, composed of compact bone that surrounds the medullary cavity, yellow bone marrow (fat) is contained in the medullary cavity
osteoblasts and osteoclasts
inner osteogenic layer of the periosteum is composed of these two things
location of the hematopoietic tissue in adults
middle of long bones and the head of the proximal and distal epiphysis
channels lying at right angles to the central canal, connecting blood and nerve supply of the periosteum to that of the Haversian canal
Inorganic chemical composition
Mineral salts make up 65% of bone by mass, mainly calcium phospates, responsible for bone hardness and its resistance to compression
bulges, depressions,and holes serve as
sites of attachment for muscles, ligaments, and tendons.
joint surfaces, conduits for blood vessels and nerves
ossification and osteogenesis
the process of bone tissue formation, which leads to: the formation of the bony skeleton in embryos, bone growth until early adulthood, bone thickness, remodeling, and repair
older cells enlarge, the matrix becomes calcified, cartilage cells die, and the matrix begins to deteriorate
impact was strong enough to break bone therefore tissue and muscle; it is not a normal bruise. Symptoms: swollen, lumpy, sore
semi-movable cartilage cushioning in the vertebral column, pubic symphasis
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