25 terms

AP World History Period 3: Medieval Africa

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Kingdom of Ghana
West African empire from 700s to 1076, grew wealthy and powerful by controlling gold-salt trade.
Kingdom of Mali
a huge territorial empire that flourished in west Africa during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Its capital was Timbuktu, which became a center of Islamic learning (see Islam). The empire controlled trade routes that stretched from the edge of the Sahara in the north to forests in the south and that carried gold and other luxuries
Kingdom of Songhai
last and final great empire of West Africa. a very big trading city back then where many people would trade things like gold for salt
Sunni Ali
created Sunni Dynasty; rule lasted 30 years; many military campaigns/victories; conquered Timbuktu and Djenne, which gave Songhai control of trade; focus on trading empire
Kumbi Saleh
was the capital of Ghana. It was made up of two separate towns, 1 was the royal town and the other was the place were the merchants lived.
Trans-Saharan Trade
route across the sahara desert. Major trade route that traded for gold and salt, created caravan routes, economic benefit for controlling dessert, camels played a huge role in the trading
Gold-Salt-Slaves
major commodities in medieval Africa
Islam
major cultrual and religous in North Africa arived about 634 and by 750 followers of _______ controlled most of North Africa
Timbuktu
City on the Niger River in the modern country of Mali. It was founded by the Tuareg as a seasonal camp sometime after 1000. As part of the Mali empire, it became a major major terminus of the trans-Saharan trade and a center of Islamic learning
Djenne
Ancient city in West Africa near the Niger River, at least as old as 250 B.C.E.
Sundiate (Sologon Djata)
the leader of the Malinke people. He was the first leader of Mali. They built on Ghana's empire by establishing the gold-salt trade and expanded trade routes. This allowed them to expand their empire beyond Ghana's old borders.
Mansa Musa
Emperor of the kingdom of Mali in Africa. He made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca and established trade routes to the Middle East.
Kingdom of Kongo
Basin of the Congo (Zaire) river, conglomeration of several village alliances, participated actively in trade networks, most centralized rule of the early Bantu kingdoms, royal currency: cowries, ruled 14th-17th century until undermined by Portuguese slave traders
Swahili Coast
East African shores of the Indian Ocean between the Horn of Africa and the Zambezi River; from the Arabic sawahil, meaning "shores."
Mombasa
An African city on the coast that adopted the Muslim religion and made a great living trading in the Indian Ocean. It is located in modern Kenya. Swahili became their language and gold, ivory, slaves, and animal skins were traded
Zanzibar
important center of trade, sailors from Southeast Asia, China, and India brought gold and ivory to this island
Great Zimbabwe
City, now in ruins whose many stone structures were built between about 1250 and 1450, when it was a trading center and the capital of a large state.
Indian Ocean
Large amounts of trade happened in this body of water between Arab, Persian, Turkish, Indian, African, Chinese, and Europe merchants. Particularly in the postclassical period
Griot
A member of a class of traveling poets, musicians, and storytellers who maintain a tradition of oral history in parts of West Africa.
Silent trade system
A way of communicating while trading without using any forms of language. It is significant and important because it allowed traders to trade without finding out where all the gold or salt was.
Animism
A local religion, mostly from Africa and the Americas, in which the world is seen as being infused with spiritual and even supernatural powers.
Nomads
Cattle-and sheep-herding societies normally found on the fringes of civilized societies; commonly referred to as "barbarian" by civilized societies
Bantu Migration
The movement of the Bantu peoples southward throughout Africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 b.c. to around A.D 1000
Syncretic Language
Kreyòl
Sahel
a strip of dry grasslands on the southern border of the Sahara; also known as "the shore of the desert"