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APUSH PERIOD 7: 1890-1945
Terms in this set (57)
An era in corrections during the early 1900s that emphasized individualized treatment and the state's ability to solve problems
An ideal that embraces all aspects of civilized life and that is linkied to fundamental notions of fairness and to cultural beliefs about right and wrong
Holding to traditional attitudes and values and cautious about change or innovation, typically in politics or religion.
A plan by President Franklin Roosevelt intended to bring economic relief, recovery, and reforms to the country after the Great Depression.
1920s growth in African American literature and arts, as southern African Americans brought culture to the north
Fear of foreigners
Forms of communication, such as newspapers and radio, that reach millions of people.
A period when the government went after "red"-as Communists were known- and others with radical views
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
Spanish American War
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
American Expeditionary Force
the U.S. forces, led by Gen. John Pershing, who fought with the allies in Europe during WWI
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty ending WWI; required Germany to pay huge war reparations and established the League of Nations
An international body composed of many countries that seeks to promote peace, prosperity, and cooperation around the world. It was formed in 1945 at the end of World War II.
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
Carried out through Executive Order 9066, which took many Japanese families away from their homes and into internment camp. Motivated by racism after Pearl Harbor bombing
Freedoms to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment.
Two atomic bombs were dropped on Japan (Hiroshima and Nagasaki) which forced Japan to surrender and ended WWII.
Alfred Thayer Mahan
US Admiral who encouraged the US to strengthen its naval power to become a world power.
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
A group of writers, journalists, and critics who exposed corporate malfeasance and political corruption in the first decade of the 20th century.
A eductaion reformer who believed we needed to teach our kids prolem solving skills, not just memeorizing facts
Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire
In 1911, bolted the fire escape door shut in order to keep female workers from taking breaks. A fire later broke out and killed 146 workers, a large majority were women.
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a constitutional amendment.
A legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate.
A procedure allowing the people to vote to dismiss an elected official from state office before his or her term has expired.
A change (reform) proposed by Governor LaFollette that gave voters more power in government.
Republican Senator from Wisconsin - ran for president under the Progressive Party - proponent of Progressivism and a vocal opponent of railroad trusts, bossism, World War I, and the League of Nations
Active in the settlement house movement and led progressive labor reforms for women and children.
a dispute between U.S. Forest Service Chief Gifford Pinchot and U.S. Secretary of the Interior Richard Achilles Ballinger that contributed to the split of the Republican Party before the 1912 Presidential Election and helped to define the U.S. conservation movement in the early 20th century.
Foreign policy created under President Taft that had the U.S. exchanging financial support ($) for the right to "help" countries make decisions about trade and other commercial ventures. Basically it was exchanging money for political influence in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Federal Reserve Act
Set up a system of federal banks and gave government the power to control the money supply, 1913
A lawyer and jurist, he created the "Brandeis Brief," which succinctly outlines the facts of the case and cites legal precedents, in order to persuade the judge to make a certain ruling.
1917 act gave the government new ways to combat spying
Made it a crime to criticize the government or government officials. Opponents claimed that it violated citizens' rights to freedom of speech and freedom of the press, guaranteed by the First amendment.
Wilson's plan for peace following WWI.
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Famous American fighter pilot
A return to "normal" life after the war.
Sacco and Vanzetti
"victims" of nativism and "Americanism"
1925 court case in which Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan debated the issue of teaching evolution in public schools
The Lost generation
Post war writers that left a sense of dislocation and alienation. They felt the real America had been lost or distorted.
Young women of the 1920s that behaved and dressed in a radical fashion
Hawley Smoot Tarrif
raised prices on foreign imports to such a level that they could not compete in the American market, slowed down trade
Government action taken to stimulate the economy, as spending money in the commercial sector, cutting taxes, or reducing interest rates
Relief, recover, reform
three goals of new deal
Civilian Conservation Corps. It was Relief that provided work for young men 18-25 years old in food control, planting, flood work, etc.
Work Progress Administration: Massive work relief program funded projects ranging from construction to acting; disbanded by FDR during WWII
Social Security Act
1935, guaranteed retirement payments for enrolled workers; set up federal-state system of unemployment insurance and care for dependent mothers and children, the handicapped, and public health
1935, also National Labor Relations Act; granted rights to unions; allowed collective bargaining
1930; Central region, the term for the Great Plains when there was little rain and there were great storms of dust.
4 laws passed in the late 1930s that were designed to keep the US out of international incidents
A policy of making concessions to an aggressor in the hopes of avoiding war.
America First Committee
A committee organized by isolationists in 1940 to oppose American entry into World War II
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII amd to work for peace after the war
The name of the top secret program that developed the atomic bomb.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
APUSH Period 5 Review
APUSH Period 4 Review
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APUSH Period 1 Review
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