How is cohesion and adhesion different?
Cohesion is the attraction of the same substances while Adhesion is the attraction of different substances.
What is the significance to humans that water has a high specific heat?
Water can absorb a significant amount of heat (energy) without increasing in temperature.
What is the significance to living things that water is a universal solvent?
It can dissolve many compounds that need to be without increasing in temperature.
Organic compounds contain which six elements?
How do we determine if a chemical compound is organic or inorganic?
If the chemical compound has carbon bonded to hydrogen in it. Both carbon and hydrogen.
How do we determine if a physical substance is organic or inorganic?
If the physical substance has lived, is living, or came from something living.
In organic compounds, carbon atoms will bond in what three shapes?
Rings, straight chains, and branched chains
Explain the difference between mono, di, and polysaccharide.
Monosaccharide is 1 single sugar.
Disaccharide is 2 sugars.
Polysaccharide is many sugars.
What is the physical difference between saturated and unsaturated fats?
Saturated fats are solid at room temperature.
Unsaturated fats are liquid at room temperature.
What are the chemical, or structural, differences between saturated and unsaturated fats?
Saturated fats are in straight chains and contain single bonds between carbons. Unsaturated fats are in branched chains and contain at least 1 double bond between carbons
What form is excess sugars in animals called? Which 2 organs is it stored in?
Glycogen, in liver and muscle.
Explain why enzymes are so important.
They start all chemical reations in the body, allowing them to proceed at an effective rate.