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Absolutism in 17th Century Europe
Terms in this set (100)
Existence for the benefit of the home country
The value of money decreases; happened in Germany after the 30 Years' War
The preference of one gender over another and the superiority of men over women prevalent in the 17th century
A hatred or inferiority of one race over another, caused during the African slave trade by Christian speculation, Arab ideas, and myths
A questioning of beliefs and institutions caused by confusion, uncertainty, and insecurity from contradictions of new knowledge with past ideas, beliefs, and Scripture
Hatred of women
"odd-shaped," "imperfect pearl;" overblown, unbalanced style describing the art and music of the 17th century
Moderates of both Calvinism and Catholicism who believed that only the restoration of a strong monarchy could reverse French collapse
Elizabeth I of England
Gave money to the low countries; the wars hurt the English economy, and the collapse of Antwerp caused a possible Spanish invasion; assassinated Mary Queen of Scots
French Calvinists; French nobles converted to Calvinism in order to assert their independence
Philip II of Spain
lived in NW Madrid; paradoxical figure who was devoutly Catholic and refused to tolerate Protestantism, but was unable to crush heresy in the low countries; wanted to reunite England and Catholic Europe
Prince Henry the Navigator
Led expeditions off the West coast of Africa and had the leading role in gold trade; Portuguese; began a school of navigation
Michel de Montagne
Humanist and skeptist who developed a new literary genre, the essay, which was a calm, tolerant, broad-minded style of writing
began Spain's exploration and quest for an empire in 1493; wanted to find a direct ocean route to Asia to increase Spanish trade, but he never found the and instead found the East Indies and began trade with the New World
Rounded Cape of Good Hope; Portuguese
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