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Microbiology Reportable diseases and symptoms 2016

Terms in this set (74)

_______
If patients do have symptoms, they usually last for 72 hours or less and may include:
•headache
•sore, red throat
•slight fever
•vomiting
•general discomfort
Non-Paralytic Polio

The symptoms of non _______ _______ may last for a couple of days to a week or two and includes
•fever
•sore throat in the absence of upper respiratory infection
•headache
•vomiting
•fatigue
•abnormal reflexes
•problems swallowing and/or breathing
•back and neck pain and stiffness, particularly neck stiffness with forward flexion of the neck
•arm and leg pain or stiffness
•muscle tenderness and spasms

_______ _______
People with _______ _______experience the symptoms associated with _______ _______ first. Soon after, the following symptoms appear:
•loss of reflexes
•severe spasms and muscle pain
•loose and floppy limbs, sometimes on just one side of the body, this is due to the weakness which results from the involvement of the spine
•sudden paralysis (temporary or permanent)
•deformed limbs (especially the hips, ankles, and feet due to prolonged weakenss and the lack of appropriate orthopedic bracing

_______ Syndrome
The symptoms of_______ -_______ syndrome are:
•continuing muscle and joint weakness
•muscle pain that gets worse
•becoming easily exhausted or fatigued
•muscle wasting, also called muscle atrophy
•trouble breathing and/or swallowing
•sleep related breathing problems (sleep apnea)
•becoming easily cold or
•new onset of weakness in previously uninvolved muscles
(VACCINE)
The symptoms of valley fever often resemble those of the flu. However, they can vary depending on the severity and type of valley fever contracted. The symptoms also depend on the health status of the person who contracts the illness.

Acute _______ is the most common form of valley fever. It causes symptoms that are similar to those of the common cold or flu. These symptoms include:
•fever
•cough
•headache
•chills
•night sweats
•fatigue
•joint pain
•painful rash

Most cases of acute _____are mild. Symptoms typically go away within a few weeks. In some cases, however, the infection can become more severe and develop into the disseminated or chronic form of ______

Disseminated ______ is the most serious form of valley fever. However, it is very rare, accounting for less than one percent of cases. It occurs when the fungal infection spreads from the lungs to other parts of the body, including:
•skin
•bones
•liver
•brain
•heart
•membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord

Once these organs become infected, the symptoms of valley fever may become more severe. Depending on the parts of the body that are affected, additional symptoms may also develop. These symptoms include:
•skin ulcers
•painful and swollen joints
•decreased appetite
•enlarged lymph nodes
•change in mental state, including irritability and confusion

Chronic ____
may become chronic if it doesn't go away completely. This means that symptoms may return repeatedly or persist for extended periods of time. The symptoms of chronic ______ include:
•low grade fever
•chest pain
•cough
•blood tinged sputum