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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. digastric (suprahyoid)
  2. What do these muscles have in common? Digastric, Mylohyoid, stylohyoid, geniohyoid and what group of muscles do they belong to?
  3. masseter (superficial head) O&I and action
  4. muscles of facial expression
  5. Mandibular sling?
  1. a they help open the jaw and belong to anterior suprahyoid muscle group
  2. b masseter on outside and medial pterygoid on inside; elevate mandible
  3. c O: ant. 2/3 of lower border of zygomatic arch
    I: angle of mandible
    A: elevation of mandible (closing jaw)
  4. d 2 bellies; ant. (part of anterior suprahyoid muscles)/ post. (part of postrior suprahyoid muscles).
  5. e in superficial fascia of facial tissues

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. O: pterygoid fossa of sphenoid bone and medial surface of lateral pterygoid plate
    I: angle of mandible
    A: elevation of mandible (closing jaw)- weaker than masseter in this action
  2. incl. palatoglossus, palatopharyngeus, levator veli palatini, tensor veli palatini, muscles of uvula
  3. O: zygomatic bone
    I: upper lip
    A: smiling; elevates angle of upper lip, pulls it laterally
  4. O: frontal process of max
    I: upper lip
    A: raising upper lip, dilating nostrils in a sneer
  5. O: auditory tube and sphenoid
    I: median palatine raphe
    A: tenses and slightly lowers soft palate, opens auditory tube during swallowing

5 True/False questions

  1. thyrohyoid (infrahyoid) O&I and actionO: thyroid cartilage
    I: hyoid bone
    A; depressing hyoid bone, raises thyroid cartilage and larynx


  2. omohyoid (infrahyoid) superior belly O&IO: scapula
    I: hyoid bone
    A: fixes stabilizes hyoid


  3. How many groups are the muscles of the head and neck divided into?epicranial aponeurosis: a large spread out scalpal tendon


  4. Which are the 4 pairs of muscles attached to the mandible?the muscles of mastication; masseter, temporalis, medial pterygoid, lateral pterygoid


  5. Intrinsic tongue muscles O&Isuperior and inferior longitudinal: chnge shape of tongue= shorten, thicken, curl
    transverse and vertical: make tongue long and narrow