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MUSIC 351: Music of Motown Part 1
Music of Motown
Terms in this set (134)
T/F? The Great Migration was the migration of large numbers of black southerners from the south to the north in the first half of the twentieth century.
Religious music of African-Americans that emerged in urban centers during the early decades of the twentieth century is known as:
T/F? Tin Pan Alley was the street where all the Motown songs were written.
T/F? Tempo is the speed of a musical work.
The song "Come to Me" was recorded by which artist (or group)?
A performance practice in which a singer or instrumentalist makes a musical statement which is answered by another soloist, instrumentalist, or group is known as:
Call and response
The "motor city" is a nickname for what city?
Which of the following songs was Motown's first national hit record?
Money (That's What I Want)
"Snake Walk" was Motown's first instrumental release.
In which of the following careers did Berry Gordy Jr. NOT participate before starting Motown Records?
Which of these Motown songs was NOT recorded by The Beatles:
Berry Gordy borrowed $800.00 to start his new record company. Who loaned him the money?
His family's co-op account
_____________ was/were signed by Motown after participating in a high school talent contest.
One of the credited writers of "Please Mr. Postman" was an actual mailman.
Berry Gordy hired Barney Ales to run Motown's A&R department.
" Shop Around" was Motown's first million-selling record.
Which artist's record inspired Smokey Robinson's writing of "You've Really Got a Hold on Me?
Tamla was the first Motown label.
Motown's first "double number one hit (number one on both the pop and R&B charts) was:
Please Mr. Postman
_________ is a contrasting section of a song which prepares for the return of the original material.
Berry Gordy signed the Contours immediately after their first audition.
Mike McLean built both the three-track and eight-track recording systems at Motown.
Junior Walker played which instrument?
________________was head of the quality control department at Motown during the 1960s.
Billie Jean Brown
Which of the following assembly line roles did Smokey Robinson NOT fill?
Which of the following Motown song's lyrics capitalized on the dance song craze of the early 1960s?
Do You Love Me
In 1962 Mary Wells had three chart hits. Which producer was she working with during this period?
Which of the following artist(s) recorded "It's My Time"?
The Mynah Birds
A Leslie speaker creates a special audio effect using the Doppler effect.
Amplification is artificial volume enhancement.
Choker Campbell was the bandleader on the Motortown revue.
The group of theaters and performance venues considered safe and acceptable for African American performers was called:
The Chitlin' Circuit
Stevie Wonder played which instrument on the live recordings of "Fingertips"?
____________ was the tour manager for the first Motortown revue.
Thomas "Beans" Bowles
How was the unusual percussion sound effect on "Dancing in the Street" created?
Tire chains beaten against a piece of lumber
"My Girl" was inspired by whom?
Maxine Powell was a successful entrepreneur before going to work full time at Motown.
__________ is credited with naming the artistic development department at Motown.
The Temptations has had several number one hits before "The Way You Do The Things You Do".
Which of the following functions did Maurice King NOT participate in at Motown?
The ________ is a term used to describe the large number of rock and roll and pop performers from the United Kingdom who became popular in the United States from 1964 through 1966.
The song "Where Did Our Love Go" was originally intended for The Marvelettes to record.
Many British bands in the 1960s were influenced by American R&B.
The Andantes were:
session backing vocal group
The Four Tops remained with the same members for over forty years.
The Four Tops started their career
singing vocal jazz compositions
An answer song had to be made about a song by the same record company.
The Supremes were first called:
Before focusing on writing and producing, Brian Holland sang with several Motown groups. With which of the following groups did Brian Holland NOT sing?
What do the Chantals, the Shirelles, the Marvelettes, and the Supremes have in common?
All girl groups
Tammi Terrel recorded with which soul artist before signing with Motown?
Marvin Gaye was originally hired as a session drummer at Motown.
Nickolas Ashford and Valerie Simpson came to the attention of Motown after their song "Let's Go Get Stoned" was recorded by what artist?
Harvey Fuqua's producing partner on "Ain't No Mountain High Enough" was:
What was the nickname of the studio at Hitsville where the Funk Brothers recorded?
Nickolas Ashford and Valerie Simpson wrote AND produced all the Motown Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrel duets.
Benny Benjamin played
Earl Van Dyke played
James Jamerson played
Joe Messina played
A stress or special emphasis on a beat
Artificial volume enhancement - an effect typically achieved through electronic means.
The release of "Got A Job" in response to the song " Get A Job" is an example of a(n)
The Motortown Revue performed at the _____________ for ten days. It was the last stop on the Chitlin' Circuit in NYC.
A regular pulse which lasts throughout a piece of music.
A secular, predominantly black American folk music of the 20th century, which has a history and evolution separate from, but sometimes related to, that of jazz.
A contrasting section which also prepares for the return of the original material section.
A performance practice in which a singer or instrumentalist makes a musical statement which is answered by another soloist, instrumentalist, or group.
call and response
The simultaneous sounding of different notes to form a unified musical entity.
It was called a _____ when whites would recreate black artists' songs to market to whites. An example of this is Little Richard's "Tutti Frutti" sung by Pat Boone.
Genre of music with predominantly male, close harmonies, sometimes acapella vocal harmonies of nonsense syllables. An example of this The Satintone's "Motor City".
A singing technique that enables a singer to produce notes higher than those in his or her voice range.
A musical genre that emerged in the mid-1960s drawing from elements of folk music and rock and roll. An example of this is The Mynah Bird's "It's My Time".
Religious music of African-Americans that emerged in urban centers during the early decades of the 20th century.
The combination of simultaneously sounded musical notes to produce chords and chord progressions.
To compose, recite, play, or sing extemporaneously.
A musical tradition that developed early in the 20th century in African American communities. Mixing African and European musical traditions, it is characterized by syncopation, melodic and harmonic elements derived from the blues, cyclical formal structures, and a rhythmic approach to phrasing known as swing.
Invented by Donald Leslie, a rotating loudspeaker system that creates a Doppler effect, typically used with the Hammond organ.
A collection of beats arranged into regular patterns.
A linear succession of notes that form a unified musical entity— usually sung by the lead vocalist or played by a solo instrument.
The arrangement of rhythms in a repetitive pattern of strong and weak beats.
Studio technique that consists of several recorded sounds on the same segment of tape, which enables such effects as reverberation, delay, and overdubbing.
A musical phrase or pattern that repeats.
Musical scale made up of five notes.
Artificial echo enhancement—an effect typically achieved through electronic means.
The temporal arrangement of sounds into various patterns of duration.
Deliberate upsetting of the normal pattern of accentuation.
A musical form that features different text over the same or extremely similar musical material.
Speed of musical work, often identified by the number of beats per minute (bpm - beats per minute).
Refers to the way multiple voices (or instruments) interact in a composition.
The quality or "color" of a sound.
Defines the meter of the music (the number of beats in a measure and the type of note that fills one beat).
NYC street of music publishers, song writers, and singers.
Tin Pan Alley
Musical form based on several stanzas of different text sung to the same music, that lead to a contrasting section that recurs ( refrain).
Head of A&R
First Motown single, backing vocals by the Rayber Voices, doo-wop style
Marv Johnson, "Come To Me"
Motown's first number one single, drums played by Marvin Gaye, first name was Cantsingyets
The Marvelettes, "Please Mr. Postman"
Motown's first national hit, covered by The Beatles
Barett Strong, "(Money) That's What I Want"
Motown's first instrumental, later the band was renamed The Funk Brothers
The Swinging Tigers, "Snake Walk"
Written by Ashford and Simpson, duet recorded separately due to nervousness, produced by Fuqua and Bristol
Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell, "Ain't No Mountain High"
Written by Holland-Dozier-Holland, band called themselves The Four Aims initially
Four Tops, "Standing In The Shadows of Love"
Holland-Dozier-Holland worked with which two bands?
The Four Tops and The Supremes
Written for The Temptations, number one on R&B, number three on Pop charts, Jackie Robinson connection, became a hit 25 years later due to the movie Dirty Dancing
The Contours, "Do You Love Me"
Original name was The Fidelles, Nicky Stevenson approached one of the members to come audition and she appeared with no appointment
Martha & The Vandellas, "Dancing In The Street"
Played bongos in the original, played harmonica in the live version, original was only instrumental
Little Stevie Wonder, "Fingertips (Part 2)"
Saxophone players' unexpected singing debut
Jr. Walker and The Allstars, "Shotgun"
Written AND produced by Ashford and Simpson, they also sing backing vocals
Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrel, "You're All I Need To Get By"
Smokey Robinson was the lead singer of the band, was originally written for Barrett Strong, first official million seller, Barry Gordy played keyboard
The Miracles, "Shop Around"
Produced by Holland-Dozier-Holland, lead vocal was Diana Ross, was originally offered to The Marvelettes
The Supremes, "Where Did Our Love Go"
Written by Smokey Robinson, lead vocal was sung by David Ruffin, inspired by Claudette Robinson, original name was called The Primes, first double number one
The Temptations, "My Girl"
Folk rock genre, prominent members include Neil Young and Ricky Matthews, unreleased until 2006 because Barry Gordy did not want bad press
The Mynah Birds, "It's My Time"
Produced and written by Holland-Dozier-Holland, every beat emphasized
The Supremes, "Stop In The Name Of Love"
"Motor City" (1959)
"Snake Walk (Parts 1 & 2)" (1959)
The Swinging Tigers
"Money (That's What I Want)" (1959)
"Come to Me" (1959)
"Please Mr. Postman" (1961)
"Shop Around" (1960)
"You've Really Got a Hold on Me" (1962)
"My Guy" (1964)
"Do You Love Me" (1962)
Junior Walker and the All Stars
"It's My Time" (1966)
The Mynah Birds
"Dancing in the Street" (1964)
Martha and the Vandellas
"The Way You Do the Things You Do" (1964)
"Fingertips (Part 2)" (1963)
Little Stevie Wonder
"My Girl" (1964)
"Where Did Our Love Go" (1964)
"Stop! In the Name of Love" (1965)
"Standing in the Shadows of Love" (1966)
The Four Tops
"Ain't No Mountain High Enough" (1967)
Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell
"You're All I Need to Get By" (1968)
Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell
I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie Honey Bunch)" (1965)
The Four Tops