Terms in this set (24)
Birthplace of Mohammed, city in western Saudi Arabia, most holy city used for pilgrimages
Most sacred temple of Islam in Mecca
Arabic word for God
Muhammad's journey to Mecca in 622
The new name of the city in western Saudi Arabia. Muhammad preached there
Community of muslims
Muslim religion, Mohammed is prophet of Allah
Holy book of Islam
Language of Islam religion
Five Pillars of Islam
"The first is to make a declaration of faith. The second is to pray five times daily. After a ritual washing, Muslims face the holy city of Mecca to pray. Although Muslims may pray anywhere, they often gather in houses of worship called masjids or mosques. A mosque official called a muezzin (myoo ez in) calls the faithful to prayer.
The third pillar is to give charity to the poor. The fourth is to fast from sunrise to sunset during the holy month of Ramadan—the month in which Muslims believe Muhammad received his first revelations from God. The fifth pillar is to make the hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca, if a person is able.
Muslim house of worship
Pilgrimage to Mecca
the month in which Muslims believe Muhammad received his first revelations from God. Muslims fast
Mosque official who calls people into prayer
Money or food given to poor
"people of the book"
Muslims consider Jews and Christians to be "People of the Book," spiritually superior to polytheistic idol worshipers. Although the People of the Book did not have the same rights as Muslims, they often enjoyed religious freedom in many Muslim societies.
a body of law that includes interpretation of the Quran, examples of behavior from Muhammad's life, and Muslim traditions.
Why were merchants in Mecca at first opposed to Muhammed's teachings?
They feared that neglect of their idols would disrupt the pilgrim trade
Why do Muslims consider Mecca sacred?
Because it was the birthplace of Muhammad
In what ways do the Quran and Sharia guide Muslims?
They provided a path of life to follow
4. Which aspects of Islam would have appealed to the poor, enslaved, and marginalized--many of the first Muslim converts?
Living good life
In what ways was Islam an outgrowth of earlier monotheistic religions?
It took afterlife into land