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KIN 4520 exam 1 chapter 2
Terms in this set (25)
_____ the study of epidemics
The study of patterns of disease, injury, and disability, and their risk factors and causes:
____the science of dealing with the incidence, distribution and control of diseases in a population
physical inactivity and poor diet are responsible for ___% of deaths each year and has led to what three commonly known diseases?
16; cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers
What are two outcomes of the industrial revolution and increased technology?
-reduced occupational physical activity
What are examples of subjective/self-report measurements of physical activity behavior?
-your personal opinion
What are examples of objective/technological device measurements of physical activity behavior?
-cold hard facts
-tangible things yo can write down
-heart rate monitors
What are two types of observation?
-direct: viewing the exercise behavior live/in person
-indirect: viewing a recording of a behavior
What are the ACSM recommendations for cardiovascular training:
-atleast 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week
-can be met through 30-60 minutes moderate-intensity (5 days/week) or 20-60 minutes vigorous-intensity (3 days/week)
-1 continuous session or 3 10 minute sessions/day
What are the ACSM recommendations for resistance exercise:
-train each major muscle group 2 or 3 days/week
-2 to 4 sets of each exercise improves strength and power
-each exercise, 8-12 reps to improve strength & power; 10-15 reps to improve strength and 15-20 reps to improve muscular endurance
What are the ACSM recommendations for flexibility training:
-at least two or three days/week
-hold stretch for 10-30 seconds
-repeat each stretch two to four times; 60 seconds per stretch
-static, dynamic, ballistic, and PNF stretches are all effective
In the US, rates of moderate to vigorous activity increased from 2008-2011 from what percentages?
How can we transfer children's enjoyment of sports/play into lifetime physical activities?
-join a team, get them involved young so they are more likely to do it long term
What are some things adult do to ruin kids physical activity experiences?
-make it a competition about performance, it takes an emotional toll on the child; having tryouts & not making the team, parents pushing a sport onto the child; not guiding them and encouraging them to play sports
____are more likely to engage in vigorous activities, while ____engage in more moderate-intensity activity
Relationship is most often ______ between income level and physical activity participation.
direct & linear; as one increases the other increases as well
____% of the world population does not meet the recommended minimum physical activity level.
___% of the world population does not exercise at all
_________declines with age while ________ increases with age
amount of time engaged in physical activity; sedentary activities
_____ & _____ tend to participate in less physical activity than does the general population
low income and ethnic minorities
__% of americans have heart disease
__% of americans have adult-onset diabetes
__% of americans have high blood pressure
__% of americans are overweight or obese
Overweight children with at least 1 overweight or obese parent have a ____% likelihood of remaining overweight in adulthood
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