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Terms in this set (40)
The term lost generation was coined by
The writer whose Decline of the West proposed that European society had entered the final stage of its existence was
In Karl Barth's Epistle to the Romans, he
attacked the liberal Christian theology that had embraced the idea of progress.
The author of All Quiet on the Western Front was
Erich Maria Remarque.
Who wrote, "Man's historical experience has been one of steady failure, and there are no grounds for supposing it will be ever anything else"?
In the years after World War I, the idea of progress
was roundly attacked.
In José Ortega y Gasset's Revolt of the Masses, he points out that
the masses were destined to destroy the highest achievements of western society.
John Maynard Keynes
discussed the end of laissez-faire capitalism.
The notion that space and time are relative to the person measuring them was first articulated in
Einstein's theory of general relativity.
The uncertainty principle is associated with
In a purely scientific sense, the uncertainty principle proposes that
it is impossible to specify simultaneously both the position and velocity of a subatomic particle.
Discoveries in physics added to the anxiety of the 1920s and 1930s because
they called into question the established notions of truth.
The father of psychoanalysis was
According to Freud, the root of neurotic behavior was
a conflict between conscious and unconscious mental processes.
The spread of photography
led many painters to believe that the purpose of painting was not to mirror reality but to create it.
Which of the following groups was not one of the new artistic movements of the twentieth century?
The painter who was influenced by the "primitive" art of Tahiti was
The deliberate violation of perspective by Japanese artists influenced
Which of the following is not an accurate match between artist and artistic influence?
Walter Gropius and Chinese painting
One of the biggest results of the artistic experimentation of the 1920s and 1930s was that
generally accepted standards that distinguished between "good" and "bad" art disappeared.
The work of Walter Gropius
embodied the architectural principle that form should follow function.
The term Bauhaus is associated with
A troubling economic problem in the 1920s was the depressed state of agriculture caused by
overproduction and falling prices.
By 1929, the price of a bushel of wheat was
at its lowest level in four hundred years.
On Black Thursday, 24 October 1929,
the U.S. stock market crashed.
At the lowest point of the Great Depression, what percentage U.S. banks were out of business?
During the Great Depression, most nations
practiced economic nationalism.
In response to the Great Depression, economist John Maynard Keynes
urged the government to expand the money supply and undertake public works to provide jobs.
Which of the following was not one of the chief actions of Roosevelt's New Deal?
tighten the money supply
The Russian Civil War that broke out after the revolution was between
Reds, being the communists of Lenin's regime, and Whites comprising a collection of anti-communist groups.
was an unplanned course of nationalization.
Lenin's New Economic Policy of 1921
implemented free market reforms.
This individual believed in a philosophy of promoting communism primarily in the Soviet Union rather than trying to export the revolution to other nations.
The First Five-Year Plan
was designed to transform the Soviet Union from an agricultural nation into an industrial one.
The term fascism was first used by
All of the following constitute steps taken by Benito Mussolini to consolidate power except
instituting a communist system of government.
The leader of the fascist movement in Germany was
The 1935, Nuremberg Laws
deprived German Jews of their citizenship.
The official goal of the Nazi regime toward Jews in the period before World War II was
to pressure them to emigrate.
The Kristallnacht was
a Nazi-arranged attack on thousands of Jewish stores.
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