APELC Figurative Language, set I

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Terms in this set (27)
Colloquial ExampleDepending on where in the United States you live, a sandwich is called a sub, a grinder, or a hero.EpigraphQuote set at the beginning of a literary work or at its divisions to set the tone or suggest a theme.EpistropheRepetition of the same word or group of words at the ends of successive clauses.EuphemismSubstitution of a milder or less direct expression for one that is harsh or blunt.Euphemism Example"Passed away" is substituted for "died."JuxtapositionPlacing of two items side by side to create a certain effect, reveal an attitude, or accomplish some other purpose.MetonymyA figure of speech that replaces the name of a thing with the name of something else with which it is closely associated.MoodThe feeling or ambience resulting from the tone of a piece as well as the writer/narrator's attitude and point of view. The effect is created through descriptions of feelings or objects that establish a particular feeling such as gloom, fear, or hope.Paradoxa statement that seems contradictory but is actually true.ParallelismRecurrent syntactical similarity where several parts of a sentence or several sentences are expressed alike to show that the ideas in the parts or sentences equal in importance. It also adds balance, rhythm, and clarity to the sentence. For example,Parallelism Example"we have petitioned, we have remonstrated, we have supplicated" - Jonathan Edwards "I have always searched for, but never found the perfect painting for that wall." - Paper...?Synecdochea literary device in which a part of something represents the whole, or it may use a whole to represent a part. Synecdoche may also use larger groups to refer to smaller groups, or vice versa. It may also call a thing by the name of the material it is made of, or it may refer to a thing in a container or packaging by the name of that container or packing.Synecdoche Example"all hands on deck" "a new set of wheels" "Lend me your ear."ThesisFocus statement of an essay; premise statement upon which the point of view or discussion in the essay is based. (Antithesis—The juxtaposition of sharply contrasting ideas in balanced or parallel words or phrases.)ToneThe attitude a literary work takes towards its subject and theme. It reflects the narrator's attitude.Transition WordsWords and devices that bring unity and coherence to a piece of writing.Transition Words Examplehowever, in addition, on the other hand.