Unit 3 G: Inventions/Business/Urbanization (1840's)
Terms in this set (16)
Urbanization Characteristics (1840)
1. Lots more people living in cities.
2. Lots of racial violence in cities.
3. Large immigrant population from Western & Northern Europe (1815-1837)
1. Invented INTERCHANGEABLE PARTS for different industries.
2. Invented Cotton Gin that will greatly expand cotton production & need for slaves
3. Invented Assembly Line Production
Rubber was now put to 500 different uses in business & daily products
Sewing Machine speeds up clothing industry
Electric telegraph transmitted business news
Allowed wheat to be harvested much faster
Steel plow allowed for a stronger tool to break tough sod to expand farming
Threshing machine allowed for grain to be separated from the stalk much faster.
By 1840, railroads were used more than canals to move products from Point A to B.
As inventions led to more products being produced faster & cheaper, it allowed for business & farmers to start selling their product to not just their family & town, but other parts of the country & world.
Characteristics of Southern Life (1840's)
1. Gulf states of Alabama, Mississippi & Louisiana were now the most important due to the expansion of cotton production.
2. Farming controlled by LARGE Plantation farmers. They also controlled local businesses and politics. This is why it will be difficult for them to get rid of slavery.
3. 75% of Whites in the 1840's owned ZERO slaves. (Too expensive for most)
4. Largest group of Whites worked on small farms.
5. African Slaves were at the bottom.
Characteristics of Northern Life
1. Most people now worked in jobs in order to make a living. No longer farmers.
2. Slavery was not practiced much.
3. Life was difficult.
Assembly Line Production
Products being made more efficiently by dividing up the parts and jobs that make the final product.
Lowell System (Waltham System)
Young women were given housing while working in the textile mills in Massachusetts. Most came from small towns who earned $$ working in these textile mills that needed workers.
Canal Era & Erie Canal
Completed in 1825, this allowed for more goods to be moved from Great Lakes to NY. Effects: 1. Northeast (NY / Boston) became the center of business. 2. It connected midwest farmers to the East. 3. WEAKENED the influence of the Mississippi River.
Allowed for textile manufacturers to produce both thread and finished fabrics in their factories muck faster & more efficient. People now bought their clothes instead of making it.
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