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an attempt to detach the Western states and newly acquired Louisiana Territory from the Union and to capture Spanish possessions shortly after the duel with Alexander Hamilton
Judiciary Act of 1801
it reduced the Supreme Court from six justices to five and eliminated the justices' circuit duties. Also, the judicial appointments made by President John Adams to get lifetime judges (16 total including John Marshall) into office before Jefferson took over. The new Republican congress repealed it
Marbury v. Madison
the judicial appointment for the justice of peace in Washington, D.C. was denied his position because the Secretary of State refused to deliver his commission. Chief Justice John Marshall wrote that the Judiciary Act of 1789, which spelled out the practice of delivering such commissions for judges and justices of the peace, was unconstitutional because it gave the Supreme Court authority that was denied it by Article III of the Constitution. Thus, the Supreme Court said, the Judiciary Act of 1789 was illegal and not to be followed.
Revolution of 1800
the United States Presidential election of 1800 changed the direction of the government from Federalist to Democratic- Republican. The Federalists lost control of both the presidency and the Congress
this was a series of naval engagements launched by President Jefferson in an effort to stop the attacks on American merchant ships by the Barbary pirates. It was inconclusive, afterwards, the U.S. paid a tribute to the Barbary states to protect their ships from pirate attacks
Battle of Horseshoe Bend
was fought during the War of 1812 in central Alabama. On March 27, 1814, United States forces and Indian allies under General Andrew Jackson defeated the Red Sticks, a part of the Creek Indian tribe inspired by the Shawnee leader Tecumseh, effectively ending the Creek War
Battle of New Orleans
this engagement took place on January 8, 1815, which occurred after the Treaty of Ghent. American forces, commanded by Major General Andrew Jackson, defeated an invading British Army intent on seizing this port and the vast territory America had acquired with the Louisiana Purchase
Francis Scott Key
he saw Fort McHenry hold out during the night against a British attack. He wrote the poem "Star Spangled Banner" about the experience of seeing the U.S. flag still flying above the fort in the morning, and the poem was later set to the tune of an old English bar song
Treaty of Ghent
Ended the War of 1812 on December 24, 1814, and restored the status quo. For the most part, territory captured in the war was returned to the original owner. It also set up a commission to determine the disputed Canada/U.S. border
was an American author, essayist, biographer and historian of the early 19th century. He was best known for his short stories "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle", both of which appear in his book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. His historical works include biographies of George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith and Muhammad, and several histories of 15th-century Spain dealing with subjects such as Christopher Columbus, the Moors, and the Alhambra. He also served as the U.S. minister to Spain from 1842 to 1846
The charge make by Jacksonians in 1825 that Henry Clay had supported John Quincy Adams in the House presidential vote in return for the office of Secretary of State. Clay knew he could not win, so he traded his votes for an office
was author of the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the Compromise of 1850; he had served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1811 to 1821 and from 1823 to 1825; he was Speaker of the House from 1811 to 1820; he was appointed secretary of state from 1825 to 1829, and he ran as the Whig nominee for President in 1832
he ran as a Democratic Republican candidate for President of the United States in 1824; his greatest political enemy was John C. Calhoun, who was initially in favor of the protective tariff, internal improvements, & the national bank; he returned to Georgia and was appointed judge of the northern circuit court in 1827
Tariff of Abominations
In 1828, the United States government increased the prices of their imported goods by as much as 50 percent. South Carolina asserted that these taxes on imports were unfair as a tax on Southern agriculture for the benefit of Northern industry
He was a free black slave who lived in the Carolinas and led a slave rebellion in Charleston in 1822. This slave rebellion was part of what led to the anxieties of the South especially in South Carolina. The Missouri Compromise and the slave rebellion caused the South to worry about Federal government interference in slavery
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