How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

61 terms

World Relgions

STUDY
PLAY
religion
"re" meaning again
"lig" meaning join or connect
monotheism
belief in a single God
pantheism
the belief that everything in the universe is divine
polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
atheism
the belief that there is no god "Not God"
agnosticism
The belief that God's existence cannot be known or proven "Not Known"
nontheism
A position unconcerned with the supernatural, not asserting or denying the existence of any deity.
animism
belief that spirits inhabit everything "spirt" "soul" "life force"
mandala
any of various geometric designs (usually circular) symbolizing the universe
dualism
the doctrine that reality consists of two basic opposing elements, often taken to be mind and matter (or mind and body), or good and evil
philosophy
"soul study" deals with human mental states, emotions and behaviors.
theology
"study of the divine" study of topics as they relate to one particular religious tradition
mythology
study of religious tales, texts and art
hagiography
a biography that idealizes or idolizes the person (especially a person who is a saint)
pilgrimage
a journey to a sacred place
holistic culture
a culture whose various elements may all have religious meaning
taboo
a strong social prohibition
libation
the act of pouring a liquid offering (especially wine) as a religious ceremony
shaman
specialist who contacts and attempts to control spirits that cause injury
sympathetic magic
rituals in which doing something to an image of an object produces the desired effect in the real object
divination
foretelling the future or looking into the past by means of magic
totem
an animal that is considered to be related by blood to a family or clan and is it guardian or symbol
Vedas
4 collections of ancient prayers and rituals
Upanishads
written meditations on the spiritual essence of the universe and the self
Brahman
the spiritual essence of the universe
Atman
the spiritual essence of all individual human beings
karma
the moral law of cause and effect that dteremines the direction of rebirth
samsara
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the endless cycle of birth and suffering and death and rebirth
moksha
The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.
maya
"illusion" what keeps us from seeing reality correctly; the world, viewed inadequately
Bhagavad Gita
A short section of the epic poem Mahabharata in which the god Krishna teaches the great warrior Arjuna about bhakti marga and other ways to God; Hinduism's most popular text.
brahmin
member of the priestly caste
yoga
a spiritual discipline; a method for perfecting one's union with the divine
bhakti yoga
The spiritual discipline of devotion to a deity or guru
hatha yoga
the spiritual discipline of postures and bodily exercises
monism
the philosophical position that all apparently separate realities are ultimately one; the belief that God and the universe are the same, that the universe is divine
ahimsa
"nonharm" or "nonviolence"
mantra
a short sacred phrase, often chanted or used in meditation
puja
offerings and ritual in honor or a deity
Trimurti
"Three forms" of the divine; the three gods Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.
Brahma
god of creation
Vishnu
a god associated with preservation and love
Shiva
a god associated with destruction and rebirth
avatar
an earthy embodiment of a deity
Rama
a god and mythical king; a form of Vishnu
Krishna
a god associated with divine playfulness; a form of Vishnu
Devi
"Goddess"; the divine feminine, also called the Great Mother
Kali
"Dark" a form of Devi; a gooddess associated with destrucion and rebirth
guru
a spiritual teacher
bodhi
enlightenment
Sangha
the community of monks and nuns
Dharma
the totality of Buddhist teaching
dukkha
sorrow, misery
nirvana
the release from suffering and rebirth that brings inner peace
sutra
a sacred text, especially one said to record the words of the Buddha
stupa
Buddhist shrine that is shaped like a dome or mound
karuna
compassion, empathy
bodhisttva
those who have attained nirvana but vow to remain active in helping everyone else
shunyata
the mahayana notion of emptiness, meaning that the universe is empty of permanent reality
koan
a question used by Zen teachers to boggle the student's mind and thus liberate direct awareness
mudra
a symbolic hand gesture