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40 terms

Enjoyment of Music test 2

STUDY
PLAY
Orpheus-From Act II
Claudio Monterverdi
Dido and Aeneas
Henry Purcell
Revenge
Strozzi
The Four Seasons- "Winter"
Vivaldi
Brandenburg Concerto #2
Bach
Messiah, "He that Dwelleth in Heaven and "Thou Shalt Break Them"
Handel
Messiah "Hallelujah" Chorus
Handel
String Quartet Op. 76, No. 3
Haydn
Symphony #40 in G Minor
Mozart
Le Nozze Di Figaro
Mozart
French Overture
consists of two sections: a slow somber introduction with dotted rhytms, followed by an Allegro in imitative style.
overture
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
chorus
a company of actors who comment (by speaking or singing in unison) on the action in a classical Greek play
aria
a solo vocal piece with instrumental accompaniment, as in an opera
recitative
moves the action song along- a speaking style of singing
basso continuo
Chords played by lute, harpsichord, etc.
castrati
men who were castrated as boys so that their voices would not change; they sounded like women with voices that had a great deal of power.
virtuoso
performers-singers and instrumentalists of extremely high technical and musical skill.
oratorios
operas without costumes and staging; created for performance in church or in an opera house during lent-a penitential season.
operas
were first performed in private theaters in the courts of the nobility and royality
doctrine of affections
Expression of feelings (affect) became important, one feeling per movement
affect
• Light/dark contrasts, and motion in art; ornate architecture; single emotional expression
the classical era
first music that never went out of fashion
ritornello principle
each vocal chorale section is followed by an orchestra ritornello section.
bar form
long pauses between sung sections are filled in by the orchestra
doubling
instruments of the orchestra play the same parts as the voices sing
chorale
hymn tune with 4-part harmony
syncopation
accents on weak beats
hornpipe
a lively dance in triple meter
suite
a series of dance movements
manuels
lowest notes played with foot pedals;
highest notes played on the keyboards
stops
control which pipes the keys open
sonata de chiesa
church sonata
sonata de camera
chamber music for entertainment
trio sonata
two high instruments and one basso continuo
refrain
words in A melody are always the same
ornamentation
decorative notes
hocket
rhythimically interlocking voices; one fills space left by another's rests to make a complete melody
da capo aria
an aria in ABA form
episodes
sections of the piece in which no voice is playing the subject