Functional Job Analysis

US DOL is concerned bout matching people to jobs throughout US economy. Two things necessary for this: (1) description of the work (2) description of the worker qualifications necessary to accomplish the job
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Terms in this set (...)

Distinction of FJA: What gets done v. What the worker does
-To build worker attribute list/develop training, statements for steps used in accomplishing goals of job are needed
-i.e.:
--Professor does NOT publish articles
--Professor collects data, analyzes them, and describes them in particular format
-Actions of worker must be clearly specified, focusing on what the worker does v. what gets accomplished
Worker Functions
(FJA structure)
-FJA based on premise that workers do everything in relation to DATA, PEOPLE, and THINGS
-Data=abstractions/symbols
-People=people and animals as part of work
-Things=tangible, real objects as part of job
-Functions within D,P,T can be arranged into hierarchy of complexity from simple to complex
-DOL requires a report (called a schedule) where analyst records functions with which incumbent has significant involvement and the level with which they function in relation to D,P,T
-See Table 2.5 (pg. 38)
Job Analysis Procedure (according to DOL)
-FJA relies on trained JA to gather info and complete JA schedule
-Preparation for analysis includes gathering existing info about job (i.e. books, flowcharts, job descriptions, pamphlets, etc.)
--Must be familiar with purpose/nature of job beforehand
-Preferred method of gathering info is observation/interview
-Takes notes while worker is working
-Interview/other sources of job info helpful when job is secret/dangerous/has unobservable (i.e. mental) tasks
-Fine's method= gather panel of SMEs and translate sentences into task statements, then ask SMEs whether statements are accurate
FJA structure
-Worker functions (data, people, things)
-Work fields
-Methods verbs
-Machines, tools, equipment, and work aids
-Materials, products, subject matter, and services
Work Fields
(FJA structure)
-Broad areas of work content used to classify all the jobs in the economy into a collection of 100 fields, each with a 3-digit #
-Classified into: (a) common tools, equipment, and so forth, (b) common economic purposes to be satisfied by jobs
Methods Verbs
(FJA structure)
-Serve to identify what the worker does
-Show how the objectives in the work field are accomplished
Machines, tools, equipment, and work aids (MTEWA)
(FJA structure)
-Tangible objects used by worker to accomplish work goals
-Precise distinctions unimportant for JA, but do have important place in construction of task statements
Materials, products, subject matter, and services (MPSMS)
(FJA structure)
-The work outputs, or immediate goals, of the job
-Distinctions again not nearly as important as their place in task statements
Sentence structure and analysis
-DOL uses particular grammar to write statements about tasks
-Allows for standard, precise statements to apply across several jobs/analysts
-Verb+Immediate object+Optional infinitive phrase
Other characteristics of the DOL FJA
-Primary focus of FJA is on tasks, but also provides substantial info on worker characteristics/working conditions
-DOL schedule used for reporting contains ratings on worker traits required by job in five areas: educational development, specific vocational preparation, aptitudes, temperaments, and interests
-Also includes sensory demands, physical demands, and environmental conditions
Fine's FJA
-Basic sentence structure formulated by sequence of questions: who? performs what actions? to whom/what? upon what instruction/sources of info? using what tools? to produce/achieve what output?
-Fine's FJA also produces ratings on D,P,T (work involvement, reasoning development, mathematical development, and language development)
Comparison of DOL FJA and Fine's FJA
DOL:
-Includes a number of worker attributes
Fine's:
-Contains elements lacking in DOL
-Distinguishes not only level of complexity, but also he level of involvement with a function
--Both at task level and job level