How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

26 terms

Ch. 15 Health Assessment and Physical Examination Basic Nursing

STUDY
PLAY
adventitious sounds
4 types - crackles, wheezes, rhonchi, pleural friction rub. Indicative of abnormal respiratory function.
atrophy
any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use)
auscultation
listening to sounds within the body (usually with a stethoscope)
bruit
noise; an abnormal heart sound caused by turbulence within
cerumen
a soft yellow wax secreted by glands in the ear canal
costovertebral angle (CVA)
angle formed by the 12th rib and the vertebral column on the posterior thorax, overlying the kidney
crackles
fine crackling or bubbling sound heard on inspiration, fluid in alveoli or opening of closed alveoli
cyanosis
a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
dorsum
back
dyspnea
difficult or labored respiration
edema
swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
erythema
abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels (as in sunburn or inflammation)
indurated
hardened tissue, particularly skin, due to edema, inflammation, or infiltration by a tumor.
inspection
a formal or official examination
integument
skin
intercostal space
space between the ribs
jaundice
yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
olfaction
the sense of smell, which occurs when receptors in the nose respond to chemicals
orthopnea
form of dyspnea in which the person can breathe comfortably only when standing or sitting erect
pallor
unnatural lack of color in the skin (as from bruising or sickness or emotional distress)
palpation
an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts
percussion
physical examination method of tapping over the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate the size, border, or fluid content of a cavity such as the chest
petechiae
Small, pinpoint hemorrhages
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein (usually in the legs)
thrill
a fine vibration, felt by an examiner's hand on a patient's body over the site of an aneurysm or on the precordium, resulting from turmoil in the flow of blood and indicating the presence of an organic murmur of grade 4 or greater intensity.
turgor
normal resiliency of the skin caused by the outward pressure of the cells and interstitial fluid.