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27 terms

Chapter 20 upper respiratory disorders

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Adenoidectomy
Surgical removal of the adenoids
Adenoiditis
Inflammation of the adenoids
Adenoids
Lymphoid tissue located in the nasopharynx that protects the body from infection
Aphonia
The complete loss of voice
Coryza
Also known as rhinitis or the common cold
Deviated Septum
Irregularity in the septum that results in nasal obstruction
Epistaxis
Also known as a nosbleed
Hemoptysis
The expectoration (expelling) of blood or bloody sputum
Hypertrophied Turbinates
Enlargements of the nasal concha that interfere with air passage and sinus drainage, and eventually lead to sinusitis
Laryngitis
Inflammation and swelling of the mucous membrane that lines the larynx
Laryngoscopy
An endoscopic examination of the larynx
Laryngospasm
A spasm of the laryngeal muscles
Nasal Polyps
Grape-like growths of tissue that arise from the nasal mucous membranes
Peritonsillar Abscess
An infection that develops in the connective tissue between the capsule of the tonsil and the constrictor muscle of the pharynx
Pharyngitis
Inflammation of the throat
Polysomnography
A test that monitors a client's respiratory and cardiac status while he or she is asleep to determine the nature of sleep apnea
Rhinitis
Inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes

Also known as coryza or the common cold
Rhinorrhea
Clear nasal discharge

Leakage of the cerebrospinal fluid from the nose
Sinusitis
Inflammation of the sinuses, most often the maxillary sinuses
Sleep Apnea Syndrome
A phenomenon characterized by frequent, brief episodes of respiratory standstill during sleep
Stridor
A high-pitched, harsh sound during respiration, indicative of airway obstruction
Tonsillectomy
Surgical removal of the tonsils
Tonsillitis
Inflammation of the tonsils
Tracheostomy
A surgical opening into the trachea into which a tracheostomy or laryngectomy tube is inserted; may be temporary or permanent
Tracheotomy
A surgical procedure that makes an opening into the trachea
Endotracheal tube
inserted through the nose or mouth into the trachea to provide a patent airway for clients who cannot maintain an adequate airway on their own
Laryngeal trauma
occurs during vehicle accidents when the neck strikes the steering wheel or other blunt trauma occurs in the neck region, fracture of the thyroid cartlidge is also traumatic to the larynx