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19 terms

AP Human Geography

Chapter 8 Key World
STUDY
PLAY
Balance of power
Condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries
Boundry
Invisible line that mrks the extent of a state's territory
City-State
A soverign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
Colonialism
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and t impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
Colony
A territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent.
Compact State
A state in which the distance fom the center t any boundary does not vary significantly
Elongated State
A state with a long, narrow shape
Federal State
An internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government
Fragmented State
A state that includes several discontinuous piece of territory.
Frontier
A zone separating two states in which neighter state exercises political control.
Gerrymnandering
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
Imperialism
Control of territory already occupied and organized by an indigenous group
Landlocked state
A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea.
Microstate
A state that encompasses a very small land area.
Perforated State
A state that completely surrounds another one.
Prorupted state
An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension.
Sovereignty
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
State
An area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government with control over its internal and foreign affairs
Unitary State
An internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials