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30 terms

Chapter 5 Study Guide

make laws
enforce laws
interpret laws
Articles of Confederation
1st national constitution; powers establish national policy, conduct foriegn relations, coin money, declare war, set up post offices
Problems of the Articles of Confederation
congress could not impose taxes or regulate trade; no executive or judicial branch of government; all states needed to amend and only 9/13 needed to pass laws
Northwest Territoy
established pattern of settlement; states had to give up their land claimes west of appalachian Mountains
Land ordinance of 1785
plan for selling the NorthWest territoy; surveyed and divided into a neat grid of townships
Northwest Ordinance
1787- law passed to encourage orderly settlement; promised religious freedom and other civil rights (no slavery)
Shay's Rebellion
one of several tax payers revolts in Massachusetts; led g4roup of farmer that couldn't par in hard currency; tried to convince other states that amending the Constitution was necessary
Constitutional Convention
12 of 13 states were represented; deciding on whether or not to have a strong or weak central government
George Washington
elected to lead constitutional convention; strength and character made him a symbol for every other state
Virginia Plan
"large state plan" 3 branches of government- exectutive, judicial, legislative; bicameral; Senate and House of Representatives; based on population
New Jersey Plan
"small state plan" 3 branches of government- multiple exectutives; one house and not based on population
Great Compromise/ Conneticut Compromise
combining both plans; bicameral legislature; lower house= number of representative sis determined by population and upper house= equal
bicameral legislature
upper house= each state has an equal number of representatives; lower house= number of representatives is determined by population
3/5 compromise
all white plus 3/5 of slave population (all other people) would be counted for representation and taxation but they will not have the right to vote
the division and sharing of power between a strong central government and regional units of government (states)
checks and balances
provided each branch with the power to stop or slow an action of one of the other branches; no one branch would dominate the others
support the constitution; educated and well organized; unified/ urban city dwellers
opposed the constitution; mojority of people; rural society; Sam Adams; Thomas Jefferson
Bill of Rights
1st 10 ammendments to the constitution; added to the consititution; used to convince states to ratify the constitution
Federalists Papers
used to convince states to ratify the constitution
delegated powers
federaol government powers; declare war, admit new states, coin money, set up post offices
reserved powers
state ofernment powers; maintain law and order, levy taxes, borrow money, establish courts
Legislative Checks on judicial
may impeach supreme court justices
legislative checks on executive
may reject treaties
executive checks of legislative
may veto bills
executive checks on judicial
appoint judges
judicial checks on legislative
declare laws passed by congress unconstitutional
judicial checks on executive
may declare actions unconstitutional