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Articles of Confederation
1st national constitution; powers establish national policy, conduct foriegn relations, coin money, declare war, set up post offices
Problems of the Articles of Confederation
congress could not impose taxes or regulate trade; no executive or judicial branch of government; all states needed to amend and only 9/13 needed to pass laws
established pattern of settlement; states had to give up their land claimes west of appalachian Mountains
Land ordinance of 1785
plan for selling the NorthWest territoy; surveyed and divided into a neat grid of townships
1787- law passed to encourage orderly settlement; promised religious freedom and other civil rights (no slavery)
one of several tax payers revolts in Massachusetts; led g4roup of farmer that couldn't par in hard currency; tried to convince other states that amending the Constitution was necessary
12 of 13 states were represented; deciding on whether or not to have a strong or weak central government
elected to lead constitutional convention; strength and character made him a symbol for every other state
"large state plan" 3 branches of government- exectutive, judicial, legislative; bicameral; Senate and House of Representatives; based on population
New Jersey Plan
"small state plan" 3 branches of government- multiple exectutives; one house and not based on population
Great Compromise/ Conneticut Compromise
combining both plans; bicameral legislature; lower house= number of representative sis determined by population and upper house= equal
upper house= each state has an equal number of representatives; lower house= number of representatives is determined by population
all white plus 3/5 of slave population (all other people) would be counted for representation and taxation but they will not have the right to vote
the division and sharing of power between a strong central government and regional units of government (states)
checks and balances
provided each branch with the power to stop or slow an action of one of the other branches; no one branch would dominate the others
opposed the constitution; mojority of people; rural society; Sam Adams; Thomas Jefferson
Bill of Rights
1st 10 ammendments to the constitution; added to the consititution; used to convince states to ratify the constitution
federaol government powers; declare war, admit new states, coin money, set up post offices
state ofernment powers; maintain law and order, levy taxes, borrow money, establish courts
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