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166 terms

Rel 231

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encounters with ultimate reality may be called:
(A) ecstatic communion
(B) gnosis
(C) self-knowledge
(D) All of the above
All of the above
buddhist monks are called ....... and buddhist nuns are called
(monks) Bhikshus and (nuns) bhikshunis
List the four sights that siddhartha witnessed
aged-man, sick, corps and monk
Religious rituals may involve:
(a) patterned performance
(b) reptition
(c) purposefulness
(d) all of the above
all of the above
the term buddha means
enlighten or the awaken one
Ancient Chinese belief that great spiritual being and ruler of the universe was called
Sangdi
According to ancient Chinese tradition, the cosmos is a manifestation of an impersonal self-generating energy known as
Qi
the appearance of sacred reality in human form is called
incarnaton
which of these terms is the closest opposite to the term monotheistic
polytheistic
Dogma is
a system of doctrine proclaimed as absolutely true
The gaia theory proposes
the earth is a complex, self-regulating organism
the confucian virtue ren basically means
innate goodness
the deity who watches over family's actitities is known as
the kitchen God
a symbol for the unity that many indigenous cultures use is that of the
circle
the supreme being for most indigenous peoples is a god who is a
creator
a memorial dome which contains relics of the buddha is called
Stupa
stories of the buddha's past lives are known as
Jataka Tales
in indigenous religions, everthing in nature is experienced as
family
in many indigenous religions, if one must ut down a tree or kill an animal, one must first
explain one's intentions and ask forgiveness
in the eternal " dream time" there is no
male-female differentiation
what is the triple Gem(or three refuges)? the
Budha,
Dharma
Sanga
the collection of ancient scriptures used by Theravada Buddhists is called
Palicanon
the religious texts often considered to be the foundations of hinduism are called the
vedas
the hindu god of fire is
agni
the belief that the soul leaves the dead body and enters a new one is called
reincarnation
the cycle of death and rebirth is known as
samsara
the form of buddhism that offers faithful prayers to Amida Buddha is known as
Pure land Buddhism
what is the name for a hindu spiritual teacher
Guru
in Mahayana Buddhism, a being dedicated to attaining englightenment is called a
Bodhisttva
The Japanese teacher Nichiren believed that the essence of Buddhism could be found in
The Lotus Sutra
Siddhartha was born in the mountains of Japan
False
the founder of Buddhism was a contemporary of
Mahavira
Lakshmi is the goddess of
wealth and beauty
the tern anatman means
no eternal soul
which order of ascetic Jain monks is called "white clad" because of the way they dress?
Svetambaras
Jiva means
soul
the word Jain derives from this term, meaning " winner over one's passions."
jina
Jainism has no
personal savior or creator God
in which country would you likely not to find Theravada Buddhist practitioners
China
the dichotomy between sacred and profane is applicable to all religions
False
Religions that worship the divine in many forms are known as polytheistic.
True
Historical-critical studies of scriptures assert that scriptures are a mixture of many elements, includingmyths, cultural influences, ethical instructions, copying mistakes, actual history, and genuine spiritual inspiration
True
rites of passage commemorate the transport of slaves from Africa
False
In
...
shamans focus only on healing physical illness
false
hindu tradition teaches that the vedas are not the work of humans
true
hindu philosophical systems include both dualistic and monistic viewpoints
true
the most popular form of yoga is bhakti yoga
true
the god vishnu periodically appears in earthly incarnations
true
.
...
hindu worship can be carried out both in the home and in the temple
true
images of the jain tirthankaras all look exactly alike
true
jains typically follow a strict vegetarian diet
true
jainism rejects the idea of a cycle of death and rebirth
false
the discipline, which seeks to understand and compare religous patterns from around the world, is known .
as comparative religion
a narrative that uses concrete symbols in order to convey abstract ideas is known as a
allegory
symbolic stories which communities use to explain the universe and their place within it are known as
myths
in contrast to the industrial world's attempts to use and dominate the earth, native people now consider themselves of their mother, the earth
caretakers
the hindu word for religion, which also refers to duty natural law, social welfare, ethics health and transcendental realization
is dharma
blank holds that scientific discoveries of the complexities of life are proof of the existence of a creator
intelligence design
The rare quality of a personal magnetism often ascribed to founders of religion is known as
carisma
the hindu term for actions or consequences of an action is called
karma
visual contact with the divine is known as
darsan
the order or ascetic jain monks noted for their nudity is called sky clad or
digambara
the jain principle of non absolutism or manifold aspects is known as
anakantwad
Theravada mindfulness meditation techniques are known as
Vipassana
Dukkha means
Suffering
According to mahayana buddhism, the Buddha is present
All of the above
which of the following is not one of the Three Root Afflictions
renunciation
buddhist teaching differs from hindu teaching in that
it rejects the idea of an eternal soul
Vajrayana Buddhism is
a form of buddhism which promises a speeded-up path to enlightenment
Buddhist temples serve as
all of the above
who was the follower of confucius who disagreed with the belief in the goodness of human nature
Xunzi
the belief in practicing confucianism because Buddhism and Daoism brought moral and political weakness to society is called
Neo confucianism
The earliest Shinto places of worship were probably
Trees
Which most closely translates the Japanese word Kami?
Spirits
Amaterasu is Goddess of the
Sun
Shinto priests and priestesses are traditionally not expected to meditate and it is common for them to be
Married
The quality of misfortune or impurity is known as
tsumi
seasonal festivals are reminders to the people that they are descendants of the
kami
the buddha appointed his disciple Ananda to be his successor
false
an infant of 32-33 days of age is taken by parents to a shinto shrine for the purpose of
initiation by the deity
outside of japan, shinto is a common faith only in hawaii and
brazil
the controversy surrounding the yasukuni shrine concerns
the inclusion of the names of fourteen class a war criminals at the shrine
and
the visits of several japanese prime ministers to the shrine
buddhism accepts the hindu cast system
false
buddhism is often described as a non theistic religion
true
the buddha encouraged gossip as a harmless way to analyze ones feelings towards others
false
there have always been about as many buddhist monks as there are nuns
false
tibetaan buddhism suffered persecution at the hands of communis china
true
contemporary buddhists do not think that buddhism can provide answers for social problems
false
zen buddhims is said to preserve the buddha's teachings through mind to mind transmission rather than scriptures.
true
vesak is the most important buddhist festival
true
waht is a kirpan
a small sword worn by khalsa initiates
chan buddhism focuses predominately on meditation
true
buddhism was brought to the west through missionaries
false
the text used in divination is called the
yijing
when asked to define the essentials of strong government confucius stated the only true essential is that
faith in rulers
confucius focused his teachings very much on the here and now and consequently taught very little about
super natural
what has confucianism always advocated as the only means to social reform
education
the practice which helps one determine the harmonious placement of a building or objects is known as
fengshui
business conducted according to confucian ethics is known as
capitalist confucianism
the two aspects of chi or qi representing dark and light or femaile and male are
yen and yang
ancestor veneration is an important featureof ancient chinese religious traditions
true
daoism and confucianism flourished in which country
china
sacred rituals that are especially important in the veneration of ancestors are called
li
the creative rhythm of the universe is called
dao
a major theme of daoism is
harmony with nature
the philosophical basis of daoism is expounded in which of the following
dao de jing
which of the following martial arts is associated with daoism
taijiuan
who is your love in this universe
Ivan rodriguez
which of the follwing was the given name for the individual now known commonly as confucius
kong fuzi
what is your purpose in life according to doemaimeism
being with ivan rodriguez
which one of the time perids below was a spiritual high point in many cultures and included the life of the buddha, the hebrew prophets and the birth of daoism and confucianism
sixth century bce
confucius work was
known, but not considered very significant during his lifetime
during the cultural revolution in china, confucian tradition was denounced
true
it is common for aspects of daoism and confucianism to be blended in practice
true
japaniese people often go to shinto shrines for death rites
false
some japanese scholars likened li to the way of the kami
true
today shinto shrines can only be found in japan
false
the holy book of sikhism is now known as the
guru granth-sahib
when the fifth guru first compled sikh hymns and the poems of hindu and muslim saints, the text was called the
adigranth
the sikh community is known as the
panth
the devotional practice of singing or chanting passages from the sikh scriptures is called
kirtan
the region of india where sikhism arose is called
punjab
khalsa initiates strive to vanquish the five evils of
greed, lust, attachment, ego, anger
sikh separatists have demand a sikh state to be called
khalistan
the holy name of god in sikhism is referred to as
nam
traditional stories about guru nanaks's life are called
janamasakhi
sikhism reveres ten human gurus
t
according to the dao de jing, the dao that can be told of is the absolute dao
f
the practice of wu wei involves careful observance of confucian rituals of filial piety
f
the many forms of daoist practice are no longer undertaken
f
singapore's annual courtesy campaign is infulenced by confucian values
f
confucian thought was rejected in japan
f
divination is the practice of worshipping divine spirits
f
in shinto, bringing one's life into harmony with nature is called
kanna gara
sikhism teaches that the ego is a major barrier to spiritual progress
t
more than a quarter of the indian population is sikh
f
shinto has no ethical requirements, no sacred literature, and no
founder.
the shinto waterfall purification ritual is known as
misogi
in shinto, the sacred is both immanent and
transendent
kami refers to a quality. it means that which evokes
awe and wonder
what is the cleansing ceremony, usually performed by a shinto priest, which involves waving a piece of wood from a sacred tree
oharai
the major chronicles of shinto are written down in two parts the
kojial and the nihongi
shinto is an indigenous religion of korea
f
the japanese had no word for nature until the seventh century ce
f
state shinto promoted the belief that the emperor was the offspring of amaterasu
true
the oharai ceremony may be performed on new cars
true
guru nanak advocated strict asceticism as a means to knowing god
false
the sikh gurus refused to become involved in political and military conflicts
false
in 1996, sikh authorities issued a declaration that women should be allowed to read publicly from the guru granth sahib
true
the majority of the worlds sikhs today live in pakistan
false
the leadership of sikh gurdwaras is hereditary
false
sikhs played an important role in india's struggle for independence from the british
true
in recent years there have been conflicts between hindus and sikhs
true
who founded sikhism
guru nanak
the word sikh means
seeker of truth, student, disciple
the founder of sikhism had an important religious experience best described as
immersion in a river
the egalitarian communal kitchen is known as
langar
the place where the guru granth sahib is enshrined and where public worship takes place is known as
gurdwara
the most holy city for sikhs is
amritsar
one of the sikh names for god is
sat
guru gobind singh
advocated military action only under strict conditions
the sants
included both hindus and muslims
the five beloved ones are
the sikhs who volunteered their heads to protect religious ideals
akhand path is a continuous reading of the guru granth sahib from the start to finish.
true