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35 terms

Behavior Word List

STUDY
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Aggression
A behavior with intent to harm
Territorial aggression
behavior geared to protect animal's territory
Dominance aggression
behavior intended to correct or discipline a pack member who has "over-stepped" their bounds
Intermale aggression
behavior between two conflicting males
Pain/Fear aggression
fear displaced aggression
Redirected aggression
animal directs aggression towards another animal, person or object in its vicinity
Prey aggression
aggression directed towards prey object
Agonistic behavior
all behaviors animals will display during social conflicts, including offensive and defensive threats, submission, escape, appeasement and aggression
Animal Behaviorist
A specialist who works with pet owners to resolve behavior problems
Coprophagia
eating feces
Counterconditioning
training or conditioning an animal to respond to a stimulus that is counter to (incompatible with) the previous behavior seen in response to the stimuli
Crate
a plastic or wire cage or carrier used as a dog's den and for confinement
Cribbing
a destructive behavior of equine. The horse grabs onto a horizontal surface and sucks or chews the surface
Desensitization
the process of exposing an animal to a gradually increasing amount of stimulus in order to prevent the animal from displaying previously undesired behavior in response to stimulus
Domesticated
an animal, which, through successive breeding, has behaviors which are managed by humans; this is different than TAME; which is a wild animal held in captivity whose behaviors appear domesticated
Ethology
the study of behavior
Ethologist
an individual who studies behavior
Extinction
withdrawing a positive reinforcement from a behavior previously reinforced to gradually cause the behavior to cease to occur
Feral
untamed; wild. Used to describe domesticated species, which have reverted to an untamed state (usually cats, horses)
Fractious
diffilcult to handle, troublesome
Hierarchy
group organized into ranks, each subordinate to the one above it
House Training
training an animal to eliminate in an appropriate place
Negative reinforcement
avoidance of an aversive stimulus by performing a behavior, which serves to increase the likelihood the behavior, will be repeated
Obedience
submission to restraint or command of authority
Onychectomy
surgical removal of the claw(s)
Positive reinforcement
presentation of a positive reward immediately following a behavior, which serves to increase the likelihood that a behavior will be repeated
Punishment
an aversive stimulus applied immediately after a behavior, which serves to decrease the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated
Separation anxiety
stress and anxiety brought about by the separation of the animal, usually a dog, and the pet owner. The stress is usually displaced in destructive acts.
Scenthounds
a group of canine breeds bred to "scent" prey and track over terrain; e.g. Bassethound, Beagle, Bloodhound. etc.
Sighthounds
a group of canine breeds bred to "sight" prey and run them down; e.g. Greyhound, Saluki, Wolfhound
Socialization
the process by which an animal learns the "pack hierachy" and social norms. Term used for teaching puppies.
Stimulus
any influence or action, which evokes a response by the animal
Subordinate
occupying a lower class or rank
Tractable
easily handled or manageable
Ventriculochordectomy
surgical removal of all or part of the vocal folds. More commonly known as surgical debarking