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PHAR 7191 Midterm Week 2 Material
Terms in this set (54)
Complete Blood Count
Absolute neutrophil count (ANC)
is the total number of circulating segs and bands
Increased RBC counts
Decreased RBC counts
Diseases such as polycythemia vera and chronic obstructive lung disease.
reduced with blood loss, hemolysis, pregnancy, fluid replacement, or increased fluid intake.
Associated with polycythemia vera, chronic obstructive lung disease, and individuals who live at high altitudes.
In all types of anemias, blood loss, hemolysis, pregnancy, cirrhosis, hyperthyroidism, and leukemia.
Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV)
Average red blood cell size (Normal Range 80-100 μm3/cell)
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH)
Hemoglobin amount per red blood cell (Normal Range 26-34 pg/cell)
Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC)
The amount of hemoglobin relative to the size of the cell (hemoglobin concentration) per red blood cell (Normal Range 31-37 g/dL)
Basic Metabolic Panel
Increased CO2 Content
Seen in metabolic alkalosis
Decreased CO2 Content
Associated with metabolic acidosis
Seen in liver failure because of inability of the liver to synthesize urea, and in disease states such as SIADH and acromegaly.
Associated with renal dysfunction, dehydration, urinary tract obstruction, vigorous exercise, hyperthyroidism, myasthenia gravis, increased meat intake, and use of nephrotoxic drugs such as cisplatin and amphotericin B.
Patients with cachexia, inactive elderly or comatose patients, and spinal cord injury patients.
ratio may suggest an etiology for renal dysfunction
Calculation provides an estimate of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and is a better indication of renal function than using serum creatinine alone
What is Prothrombin Time (PT) used for?
Increased Bleeding Risk
Patients with elevated ________ and/or bleeding may require the administration of vitamin K, fresh frozen plasma, or clotting factors.
Patients on ___________ therapy will have an elevated aPTT.
Increased Serum Cholesterol
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