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30 terms

Anatomy Chapter 8

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This type of joint is held together by a fibrous connective tissue:
fibrous joint
This type of joint lacks a synovial cavity.
fibrous and synovial
This type of joint is freely moveable.
diathrosis
This is a fibrous joint composed of a thin layer of dense fibrous connective tissue.
suture
How is a suture joint classified functionally?
synarthrosis
Another term for this joint is dentoalveolar joint.
gomphoses
An example of this type of joint is the epiphyseal plate.
Synchondrosis
Which of the following is made from dense regular connective tissue?
ligaments
Fluid-filled sacs that help cushion certain joints are the:
bursae
An accessory ligament is associated with which type of joint?
diarthrosis
Which of the following types of joints is characterized by the absence of a joint cavity and the presence of fibrous connective tissue connecting articulating bones.
fibrous
Ankylosis means:
immobility of a joint due to fusion of the articular surfaces
Which of the following is stretched or torn in about 70 percent of all serious knee injuries?
anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
Which of the following is NOT a type of diarthrosis?
symphysis
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ):
is the only moveable joint between skull bones
The largest joint of the body is the ____ joint.
tibiofemoral
The point of contact between bones is a/an:
articulation
Structurally, the knee joint is classified as a:
diarthrosis
The inner lining of the synovial cavity is called the:
synovial membrane
The movement of head when you tilt it back to look at something above you is called:
hyperextension
A ball-and-socket joint of the lower extremity is the:
hip joint
The cause of the inflammatory disease, rheumatoid arthritis, is:
an autoimmune reaction
Hip arthroplasty is a surgical procedure that involves:
total replacement of the hip joint
Which of the following joints are held together by cartilage?
symphysis
The joint used to hold a tooth in its socket is actually a ____.
synarthrosis
The procedure arthroscopy refers to:
examining the interior of a joint
This type of movement is a continuous sequence of flexion, abduction, extension, and adduction.
circumduction
Which of the following is not considered a special movement?
depression, protraction, elevation, supination
(all special movements)
This special movement occurs when you stand on your heels.
dorisflexion
This special movement includes the ability of your thumb to move across the palm to touch the tips of the fingers on the same hand.
none of the above