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unit 3 patho
Terms in this set (61)
Esophageal atresia and TE fistula are often associated with other congenital malformations of the skeletal, cardiovascular, and gastrointestinal systems.
GERD is a common complication of hiatal hernia.
Esophageal varices are most commonly caused by a malfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter.
Hiatal hernia is the most common disorder diagnosed on upper GI exams.
Peptic ulcer disease most commonly occurs in the duodenum.
Crohn's disease most commonly occurs in geriatric patients.
Which of the following is the most common cause of esophagitis?
gastroesophageal reflux disease
Which of the following is described as replacement of the normal squamous lining of the esophagus by columnar epithelium similar to that of the stomach and has high propensity to develop into Adenocarcinoma (malignancy)?
Varices are usually caused by portal hypertension secondary to cirrhosis
Esophageal Varices can be described as:
Dilated veins in the walls of the esophagus
The most common cause of esophageal varices is:
Portal hypertension from cirrhosis of the liver
What is the most common abnormality seen on an Upper Gastrointestinal series?
Functional obstruction of the distal esophagus with proximal dilation caused y incomplete relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter is termed:
Thickening and swelling of the pylorus as a result of the two muscular layers of the pylorus becoming hyperplastic and hypertrophic describes which of the following:
The imaging modality of choice to demonstrate a pyloric stenosis is:
Which of the following is the most common cause of Gastrointestinal bleeding?
Where is the most common location of gastric ulcers?
Where in the stomach do most gastric cancers occur?
Which imaging modality is used to stage gastric carcinoma?
A chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown cause characterized by diseased segments of bowel separated by healthy bowel (skip lesions) is termed:
The distended abdomen from a small bowel obstruction is considered a/an____________pathological condition in terms of beam attenuation and may require a/an _________ in technical factors.
A common disorder of intestinal motor activity in which fluid and gas do not progress normally through an unobstructed bowel is called:
A disorder characterized by defective absorption of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats from the small bowel is termed:
Telescoping of one part of the intestinal tract into another is called volvulus.
The twisting of the bowel on itself is called a volvulus.
A twisting of the bowel on itself that may lead to obstruction is termed:
Where in the colon do most primary cancers arise?
In preexisting polyps
What is one of the most common causes of obstruction in the large bowel?
primary colon cancer
Progressive shortening and rigidity of the colon and absent haustral patterns are radiographic evidence of:
chronic ulcerative colitis
A condition of acquired herniations of mucosa and submucosa through muscular layers at points of weaknesses of the bowel wall is known as:
Which of the following would best demonstrate diverticulosis?
Outpouchings that represent acquired herniations of mucosa and submucosa through the muscular layers at points of weakness in the bowel wall are termed:
Which of the following is the modality of choice when diagnosing an appendicitis?
CT abdomen and pelvis
Which of the following are symptoms of gall stones?
RUQ pain after eating
A rare condition in which the growth of gas-forming organisms in the gallbladder is facilitated by stasis and ischemia caused by cystic duct obstruction is referred to as:
The condition of having abnormal calcifications or stones in the gallbladder
What is the most common cause of acute cholecystitis?
obstruction of the cystic duct by an impacted gallstone
Ascites is considered to be a/an ______________disease as it relates to beam attenuation and requires an ____________ in technical factors.
imaging modality of choice for cholelithiasis?
Which of the following refers to an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity and is commonly associated with cirrhosis of the liver.
required in diagnosing hepatocellular carcinoma?
Α condition in which the inner gallbladder wall is encrusted with calcium causing the wall to become brittle, hard, and bluish in color.
which hepatitis virus Can only occur with Hepatitis B
which hepatitis virus is transmitted via blood, semen, other bodily fluids. It can lead to acute hepatitis, chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. It is preventable with a vaccine.
which hepatitis virus: Recently isolated, may cause chronic hepatitis, no vaccine
which hepatitis virus is found in stool and blood and transmitted in contaminated water and food. The disease is typically mild and is preventable with a vaccine.
which hepatitis virus is More common in developing countries where it is transmitted by contaminated water. There is no current vaccine.
which hepatitis virus is Transmitted via sharing needles or other equipment used to prepare and inject drugs. It can cause acute hepatitis, chronic hepatitis, and cirrhosis. There is no current vaccine.
Pneumoperitoneum is a sign of perforation of the GI tract.
About 60% of pancreatic cancers occur in the tail of the pancreas.
Most pancreatic cancers occur in the head of the pancreas.
A patient suspected of having a small pneumoperitoneum should be in the upright position for ___________ minutes prior to taking the upright image.
Which of the following is an inflammatory process in which protein- and lipid-digesting enzymes become activated within the pancreas and begin to digest the organ?
Small, oval, and irregular calcifications in the head of the pancreas may appear on an abdominal X-Ray in which of the following?
The most common causes of acute pancreatitis are:
alcoholism and gallstones
Which imaging modality is the best for detecting cancer in any section of the pancreas?
Which of the following should be performed if the patient is unable to stand upright when a pneumoperitoneum is suspected?
Left lateral decubitus
A pneumoperitoneum is best demonstrated in which of the following?
What is the most common cause of acute pancreatitis?
Excessive alcohol consumption
Obstruction of cystic duct by an impacted gallstone
A chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown cause characterized by diseased segments of bowel separated by healthy bowel (skip lesions) is termed
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