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100 terms

Religion Midterm

STUDY
PLAY
The discipline Basket of the Tripitaka contained
rules for monks
Dukkha is demonstrated by which of the following?
the loss of a home in a fire
the Buddhist monastic order that eventually included laypeople is known as the
sangha
which step of the eightfold path is described as "the disciple must be prepared to renounce attachments to the world and give benevolence and kindess"?
right aim
during his enlightenment, it is said that the Buddha stayed under the pipal tree for how many weeks?
7
the Buddhist doctrine which asserts there are no permanent souls is
anatta
the zen form of Buddhism is considered
very controlling
a "guardian angel" in some cultures would be known as a what in Buddhism?
bodhisttva
in Tibet, the kalachakra doctrine represents
time and space
the eightfold path in Buddhism is
followed by using all precepts at the same time
which Japanese sect of Buddhism claims to harmonize the truths of all Buddhist sects
tendai
according to zen teachings, what is the only thing of value?
comprehending our real nature
who were the first disciples of the Buddha?
the five ascetics
the more inclusive major division of Buddhism is the
mahayanist
the eightfold path is symbolized by
an eight-spoked dharma wheel
what defines tanha
craving
which of the following would be a concern of the Buddha's teachings
ways to relieve human suffering
according to Buddhists beliefs, the problem for humans is ___ and the solution is ___
suffering, knowledge
the Buddha was
a prince of the kshatriya caste
in Buddhism, when a person is set free from ego-centrism they enter
nirvana
what is the name given to Hindu sacred writings
shruti
what do Hindu priests use when they are seeking an explanation of sacrifices
brahmans
the Hindu concept of samsara refers to
the wheel of rebirth which turns forever
according to karma yoga, the motivation for work should be
duty
the god in the rig-veda who is named as creator and ruler of the universe is
indra
who is the god in human disguise that drives the chariot for arjuna
krishna
a person who teaches their insights and reasoning and is seen as having a divine light is known as a
guru
the phrase, "you reap what you sow" can summarize
the law of karma
of the one billion people in India, approximately what percent are Hindu
81%
what did the laws of manu represent
an ideal code of behavior
the principle force of the universe which orders all things is known as
rita
in class, we stated that the ages between 8-20 is reserved for learning. a person in the stage is known as
bramchari
a Hindu who chooses a life goal of kama is in seek of
pleasure
the way of knowledge as salvation is the basis of which yoga form
jnana
at which stage of life is a Hindu expected to experience vivaha
householder
which of these would be considered a part of the shradda rites
keeping the rites of the funeral pyre
how did Mohandas K Ghandi respond to western culture as it applied to India
hue used its resources to help India
in what year did India gain its independence from Britain
1947
samsara is the Hindu term for
reincarnation
which term, according to the class text, is the most accurate in describing Hinduism
henotheism
with the European invasion of the new world, tribal ingenious beliefs and practices were
compromised and adapted
Powhatan priests functioned as
medical and religious professionals
the early Cherokees viewed their tribal myths as
sacred stories for the initiated only
the naskapi valued the shaman as one who could
influence and control souls
the teaching of religion in America was initially
done from a christian triumphalist perspective
in religious belief and practice, the Powhatan's paid most attention to
Okeus-the malevolent or "evil" god
the nakapi referred to the active, living soul of the individual as
mista'peo
the proper way to address someone from the northern arctic is
Inuit
early Cherokee women
fought wars alongside men and won warrior's honors
the concept of complementary dualism is that
good and bad are commingled, serving a particular purpose
the naskapi hunter's success depended upon
the generous souls of animals and fish
according to naskapi beliefs, where did souls of the dead reside between rebirths
in the stars
the Aztecs firmly believed that all of human life depended on the conquest and sacrifices of enemies
true
naskapi women were not allowed to participate in hunting or fishing with the men
false
the naskapi had elaborate initiation rituals for adolescent males
false
the cherokee people welcomed the early European settlers to their land
false
knowing how to influence souls was considered essential to the survival of the naskapi
true
incan deities were believed to care only for the living; not for the dead
false
the naskapi believe that all of life is activated by soul
true
the term henotheism best characterizes most native American views of the absolute
true
In the Story of Samaraditya, by Haribhadra, a man clung to life for
drops of honey
the Jain hold death achieved by fasting is
sallekhana
Mahavira's enlightenment at about age 42 led to his experience of...
ishatpragbhara
in Nanak's direct vision of God he received
a cup of nectar
the first guru of the Sikhs was
Nanak
the main temple, the sacred center of the Sikhs, is located in
Amritsar
Which Hindu provision is rejected in Sikhism
caste system
Of the 5 stages in a Sikh's progress toward union with God, which of these does not belong?
nonharming
the Jain principle of aparigraph refers to
nonattachment
according to Jain teachings, the best way to avoid bad karma and increase good karma is
to revere all souls; human or not
Nanak initially attracted converts with his
unusual attire
Digambara monks symbolize their renunciation by
being "sky clad"
Nanak offended both Hindus and Muslims by
declaring that "there is no Hindu and no Musalman"
according to Nanak, what is the cause of human suffering?
loving the self more than God
after the death of Guru Gobind Singh, the Sikhs were ordered to honor only the
Adi Granth
Jains believe that injuring life now will involve one in suffering in the next life
true
Mahavira's search for enlightenment lasted 20 years
false
a Jina is a person who has conquered rebirth
true
Mahavira renounced the world at age 30
true
Digambaras claim that Mahavira became a householder before beginning his spiritual quest
false
Sikhism was a compromise worked out by Hindus and Muslims
false
at gurdwaras, eating is a symbolic act
false ?
"God is one" is a central Sikh teaching
true
Shvetambaras believe that the presence of clothing on a monk indicates residual shame
false
Digambaras believe that a woman must be reborn as a man before she can becomes a Tirthankara
true
after his renunciation of the world, Mahavira attracted only a few devoted followers
false
the Jian Acaranga teaches that one who does not teach others to avoid harming animals continues to sin
true
the Jain laity do not generally apply the doctrine of nonviolence to capital punishment
false
Jains believe that all life, human or animal, is the same
true
Sikhs believe the world and humans to be essentially opposed to God
true
the Jain universe
Ioka
holy death by fasting
sallekhana
beyond life and death
ishatpragbhar
ancient Jain texts not now in existance
Purvas
Jain categories of existence lakcing soul
ajiva
twelve books reputed from Mahavira
Agamas
Jain "immortal essence" or soul
jiva
nonattachment
aparigraph
no stealing
asteya
truthfulness
satya