Civics: Unit 2 Review
Terms in this set (22)
the pamphlet that presented the colonists with an argument for freedom from British rule at a time when the question of independence was still undecided
a document that defined the rights and duties of English nobles and set limits on the monarch's power
Rule of Law
made it clear that all people, including the monarch had to follow the law
English Bill of Rights
established power of parliament over the monarch
intellectual movement in Europe that stressed the value of reason, not only for studying the natural world, but also improving government.
first wrote about people's unalienable rights in a state of nature
"The end (purpose) of law is not to abolish or restrain, but to preserve and enlarge freedom"
John Locke: laws or not meant to "trap", but to protect and spread freedom
"When the (lawmaking) and (law enforcement) powers are united in the same person, there can be no liberty"
Baron Montesquieu: when all the power is given to one person, there is no freedom
If government fails to carry out the will of the people, the contract is broken and the government should be dissolved
example of direct democracy in colonial America
influenced the Iroquois Nation's Great Law of Peace
author of Declaration of Independence
"if a government fails to protect people's rights, the people should abolish it and form a new one."
allow people to create a new government when the current government does not protect people's rights
Articles of Confederation
the agreement between the 13 original states that established the 13 U.S. as a confederation of sovereign states. It failed because the the articles didn't allow Congress to raise taxes or regulate trade
two house legislature, representation based on population
New Jersey Plan
a one house legislature, all states have equal representation
Roger Sherman: called for a bicameral legislature with a different form of representation in each house
count each slave as 3/5 of a free person for the purposes of representation and taxation
wanted a bill of rights to protect the individual rights of citizens
wanted a strong federal government rather than strong state government
written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton
Bill of Rights
First Ten Ammendments