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21 terms

Socialstudies List # 2 Chapter 2 The Fertile Cresent

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Fertile Cresent
a region that in Southwest Asia; site of the first civilizations
city-state
a city that is also a seperate independant state
polytheism
the belief in many gods
myth
a traditional story; in some cultures, a legend that explains people's beliefs
empire
many territories and peoples controlled by one government
Babylon
the capital of Babylonia; a city of great wealth and luxury
caravan
a group of traders traveling together
bazaar
a market selling different kinds of goods
battering ram
a powerful weapon having a wooden beam mounted on wheels
code
an organized list of laws and rules
Hammurabi
the king of Babylon from about 1792 to 1750 b.c.; creator of the Babylonian Empire
cuneiform
groups of wedges and lines used to write several languages of the Fertile Crescent
alphabet
a set of symbols that represent the sounds of language
monotheism
the belief in one god
famine
a time when there is so little food that many people starve
exile
to force someone to live in another country
covenant
a promise made by God
Moses
an Israelite leader whom the Torah credits with leading the Israelites from Egypt to Canaan
prophet
a religious teacher who is regarded as someone who speaks for God or for a god
diaspora
the scattering of people who have a common background or beliefs