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55 terms

Meteorology

STUDY
PLAY
The electrified region of the upper atmosphere which impacts radio communication is called the
ionosphere
What gas is produced naturally in the stratosphere and is also a primary component of photochemical smog in polluted air at the surface
ozone
Which of the following is not considered a temperature scale? Fahrenheit, Kelvin, Calorie, Celsius
calorie
The transfer of heat as water changes state is known as
latent heat transfer
The temperature scale that sets melting of ice and freezing of pure water at 32 degrees
Fahrenheit
In a temperature inversion in the troposphere air temperature ______ with increasing height
increases
A heat transfer process in the atmosphere that depends upon the movement of air is
convection
The concentration of this gas in the atmosphere can range from about 0% to near 4%
water vapor
On the average, about what percentage of the solar energy that strikes the outer atmosphere eventually reaches the earth's surface
50%
The earth's first atmosphere was composed primarily of
carbon dioxide and water vapor
The transfer of heat by molecule-to-molecule contact is
conduction
The greenhouse gas that has been increasing in concentration due to the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation.
carbon dioxide
Everything else being equal, the lowest air temperature on a winter night will occur above a surface covered with
snow
The lag in daily temperature refers to the time lag between the time of ______ solar radiation and the time of _____ temperature
maximum
Suppose last night was clear and calm. Tonight low clouds will be present. From this you would conclude that tonight's minimum temperature will be ______ than last night's temperature
higher
Sunlight that bounces off a surface is said to be ______ from the surface.
reflected
The temperature scale where 0 degrees represents the freezing point and 100 degrees the boiling point of water.
Celsius
The instrument that measures temperature, pressure, and humidity in the vertical is the
radiosonde
Meteorology is the study of the
atmosphere
The earth's atmosphere is divided into four layers based on changes in the vertical profile of
air temperature
The greatest variation in daily temperature usually occurs at the
ground
The order of the layers of the atmosphere from lowest to highest is
troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere
The earth is closest to the sun in
January
Sinking air warms by this process.
compression
Which of the following are true for accurate surface temperature measurements?
made in the shade
Which below is not considered a greenhouse gas? carbon dioxide, water vapor, methane, oxygen, all of the above
oxygen
Almost all of the earth's weather occurs in the
troposphere
Which of the following provides a measure of the average speed of air molecules?
temperature
The sun emits its greatest intensity of radiation in the _____ and _____ portions of the electromagnetic spectrum.
visible infrared
As the wavelength of electromagnetic radiation increases, its frequency
decreases
When a liquid thermometer is held in direct sunlight it will measure a much ____ temperature than that of the air
higher
Energy transferred by electromagnetic waves is called
radiation
The temperature of a rising air parcel always ____due to ______
cools expansion
The proper order from shortest to longest wavelength is
ultraviolet, visible, infrared
The largest so-called "ozone hole" is observed above
Antarctica
Lines connecting points of equal temperature are called
isotherms
Which of the following is one of the main causes of the seasons? the changing distance between the earth and the sun, a periodic reversal in global scale air circulation patterns, the length of the daylight hours, or land/ocean temperature contrasts
the length of the daylight hours
The outpouring of gases from the earth's hot interior is called
outgassing
Which of the following is considered a greenhouse gas?
water vapor
The word "weather" is defined as the condition of the atmosphere at a particular time and place. True or False
True
Which of the following greenhouse gases is also capable of destroying ozone in the stratosphere? water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, chlorofluorocarbons, or all of the above
chlorofluorocarbons
The primary source of the oxygen in the earth's atmosphere during the past few billion years or so appears to be
photosynthesis
In the atmosphere, tiny solid or liquid suspended particles of various composition are called
aerosols
The only substance near the earth's surface that is found naturally in the atmosphere as a solid, liquid, and a gas.
water
In meteorology, the word insolation refers to
incoming solar radiation
Which of the following is found at the highest altitude? the top of the troposphere, the ozone layer, the top of the stratosphere, or the top of Mt. Everest
the top of the stratosphere
Which of the following weather elements always decreases as we climb upward in the atmosphere?
pressure
The most abundant gases in the earth's atmosphere today by volume are
nitrogen and oxygen
The blueness of the sky is mainly due to the ______ of sunlight by air molecules.
scattering
The lowest temperature is usually observed
around sunrise
Earth's crust is unique as compared with the other planets in the solar system because it
7
has remained unchanged over its 4 ½ billion year history. True or False.
False
Carbon dioxide, methane and water vapor are greenhouse gases in Earth's atmosphere. True or False.
True
Earth's temperature would be much warmer than it currently is if it did not experience a
natural greenhouse effect. True or False.
False
Ice Ages appear to have dominated Earth's climate for most of the past million years. True or False.
True
Termites produce carbon dioxide gas which contributes to Earth's natural greenhouse effect. True or False.
False